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Unit7

What’sthehighestmountainintheworld?

LanguageGoal:

Talkaboutgeographyandnature

Qomolangma about9,600,000square

kilometersinsize

TheSahara 1,025metersdeep

TheCaspianSea 6,671kilometerslong

TheNile 8,844.43metershigh

1a.Matchthefactsyouknow.

1.Qomolangmais ________thananyother

mountainintheworld.

2.TheSaharais__________desertinthe

world.

3.TheCaspianSeais__________ofallthe

saltlakes.

4.TheNileis___________riverintheworld.

1b.Listenandcompletethesentences.

higher

thebiggest

thedeepest

thelongest

1c.Usetheinformationin1btomakeconversations.

A:Whatisthehighestmountaininthe

world?

B:Qomolangma.

A:Whatisthebiggestdesertinthe

world?

B:Sahara.

A:Whatisthedeepestsaltlakeinthe

world?

B:Caspiansea.

A:Whatisthelongestriverinthe

world?

B:Nile.

______TheYangtzeRiverisabout________ kilometerslongandtheYellowRiveris __________kilometerslong.

____Chinahasthebiggestpopulationinthe

world.It’salotbiggerthanthepopulation

oftheUS.

2a.Listenandnumberthefacts[1-4]intheorderyouhearthem.

6,300 5,000 5,464 300

____Chinaisover________yearsold.Ithas

amuchlongerhistorythantheUS.The

USisnoteven_______yearsold.

____ChinaisalmostasbigastheUS,andit

isthebiggestcountryinAsia.

2b.Listenagainandfillintheblanksin2awiththenumbersinthebox.

______TheYangtzeRiverisabout________ kilometerslongandtheYellowRiveris __________kilometerslong.

____Chinahasthebiggestpopulationinthe

world.It’salotbiggerthanthepopulation

oftheUS.

6,300 5,000 5,464 300

6,300

5,464

____Chinaisover________yearsold.Ithas

amuchlongerhistorythantheUS.The

USisnoteven_______yearsold.

____ChinaisalmostasbigastheUS,andit

isthebiggestcountryinAsia.

5,000

300

A:DidyouknowthatChinaisoneofthe

oldestcountriesintheworld?

B:Yes,Idid.It’smucholderthanmy

country.

2c.Makeconversationsusingtheinformationin2a.

Guide:Feelfreetoaskmeanythingon

today’sGreatWalltour.

Tourist1:Howlongisthewall?

Guide:Ah,themostpopularquestion!If

we’reonlytalkingabouttheparts

fromtheMingDynasty,it’sabout

8,850kilometerslong.Thismakes

itthelongestwallintheworld.

2d.Role-playtheconversation.

Tourist2:Wow,that’samazing!Whydidthe

ancientemperorsbuildthewall?Guide:Themainreasonwastoprotecttheir

partofthecountry.Asyoucansee,

it’squitetallandwide.AsfarasI

know,therearenoman-madeobjects

asbigasthis.

Tourist3:IsBadalingpartoftheMingGreat

Wall?

Guide:Yes,it’sthemostfamouspart.

3a.Readthearticleandmatcheachparagraphwiththemainideas.

Qomolangma—theMost

DangerousMountainintheWorld?

Oneoftheworld’smostdangeroussportsismountainclimbing,andoneofthemostpopularplacesforthisistheHimalayas.TheHimalayasrunalongthesouthwesternpartof

China.Ofallthemountains,Qomolangma

risesthehighestandisthemostfamous.Itis8,844.43metershighandsoisverydangeroustoclimb.Thickcloudscoverthetopandsnowcanfallveryhard.Evenmoreseriousdifficultiesincludefreezingweatherconditionsandheavystorms.Itisalsoveryhardtotakeinairasyougetnearthetop.

ThefirstpeopletoreachthetopwereTenzingNorgayandEdmundHillaryonMay29,1953.ThefirstChineseteamdidsoinI960,whilethefirstwomantosucceedwasJunkoTabeifromJapanin1975.

Whydosomanyclimbersrisktheirlives?Oneofthemainreasonsisbecausepeoplewanttochallengethemselvesinthefaceofdifficulties.

Thespiritoftheseclimbersshowsusthatweshouldnevergiveuptryingtoachieveourdreams.Italsoshowsthathumanscansometimesbestrongerthantheforcesofnature.

Paragraph1Spiritofclimbers

Paragraph2Achievementsofclimbers

Paragraph3Factsanddangers

Paragraph1

Listfourdangersforclimbers:

thickclouds

Snowslide;

Freezingweatherconditions;

Heavystorm;

3b.Readthearticleagainandcompletethechart.

Paragraph2

Listthreeachievements:

1953-TenzingNorgayandEdmundHillarywerethefirsttoreachthetop;

1960-ThefirstChineseteamdidso;

1975–theJapaneseJunkoTabeisucceededdoingso.

Paragraphs1&3

Listfourcomparisons:

mostdangeroussport;

mostpopularplaces;

thehighestmountain;

themostfamousmountain

WherearetheHimalayas?

2.HowhighisQomolangma?

3c.Answerthequestionsusinginformationfromthearticle.

TheHimalayasrunalongthesouthwestern

partofChina.

Itis8,844.43metershigh.

3.Whydosomanypeopletrytoclimbthismountaineventhoughitisdangerous?

4.Whatdoesthespiritoftheclimberstellus?

Oneofthemainreasonsisbecausepeoplewant

tochallengethemselvesinthefaceofdifficulties.

Thespiritoftheseclimbersshowsusthatwe

shouldnevergiveuptryingtoachieveour

dreams.Italsoshowsthathumanscansometimes

bestrongerthantheforcesofnature.

1.Feelfreetoaskmeanythingontoday’sGreatWalltour.

在今天的长城游中,大家尽管问我任何问题,不要拘束。

feelfree是英语口语中一个常用表达。若有人让你feelfreetodosomething,就是让你无需拘束,只管按照自己的意愿去做某事。

e.g.A:CanIuseyourbathroom?

我可以用一下你的卫生间吗?

B:Yes,feelfree.可以,请随意。

Languagepoints

2.AsfarasIknow,therearenoman-made

objectsasbigasthis.

据我所知,再没有像它这样大的人造物体了。

asfarasIknow是一个固定的表达方式,还可以说sofarasIknow,意思是“据我所知”。

例如:

AsfarasIknow,Jack’sgottwinsisters.

就我所知,杰克有一对孪生姐妹。

They’renotcomingtoday,sofarasIknow.

他们今天不来了—就我所知是这样的。

3.theMingGreatWall明长城

“明长城”是指明朝时期为了防御北方游牧民族的骚扰,历时一百多年在北部地区修筑的军事防御工程。这段长城东起辽宁虎山,西至甘肃嘉峪关,从东向西横贯多个盛直辖市、自治区,全长约8850千米,是现存历代长城遗迹中最完整、最坚固的。

4.Evenmoreseriousdifficultiesincludefreezingweatherconditionsandheavystorms.

更加严峻的困难包括极冷的天气状况和巨大的风暴。

1)difficulty既可作可数名词也可作不可数名词,在此用作可数名词。作可数名词时,difficulty通常用作复数,表示具体概念,即:各种各样的“困难;难题;难事”。

例如:

Peoplelearninganewlanguagemayfacesome

difficulties.

人们学习一门新的语言时可能会遇到一些困难。

Ifyouhaveanydifficulties,youcancallme

forhelp.

如果你遇到任何困难,给我打电话求助好了。

作不可数名词时,difficulty可译作“困难;艰难;辛苦;费劲”,

例如:

Hehadgreatdifficultyinfindinganewjob.

他找新的工作费了很大劲。 .

Wefoundthehousewithoutdifficulty.

我们轻而易举地找到广那座房子。

2)include表示“包括;包含”,是一个及物动词。

例如:

Doesyourpriceofthebikeincludethislight?

你们的车价包含这盏车灯吗?

5.Thespiritoftheseclimbersshowsusthatweshouldnevergiveuptryingtoachieveourdreams.

这些登山者的精神向我们表明:我们绝不应该放弃实现自己梦想的尝试。

1)giveupdoingsomething的意思是“放弃做某事;半途而废”

Hegaveuplearningathirdlanguageafterhegotthejob.

他找到工作之后就放弃了对第三门语言的学习。

2)achieveourdreams相当于makeourdreamscometrue

其中动词achieve表示“(通过努力)实现;取得;获取;达到(梦想、成绩、成功、目的)”等。

例如:

Heachievedgreatsuccessinashorttime.

他用很短的时间取得了极大的成功。

LinTaoachievedverygoodexamresults.

林涛考试取得了很好的成绩。

一写出下列单词的比较级和最高级

1.good

2.comfortable

3.big

4.happy

5.cheap

6.many

7.difficult

8.little

1.good

2.comfortable

3.big

4.happy

5.cheap

6.many

7.difficult

8.little

betterbest

more~most~

biggerbiggest

happierhappiest

cheapercheapest

moremost

more~most~

lessleast

1.Lilygetsup______(early)than

Lucy.

2.Whic

carefully

latest

themostdelicious

Homework

Canyouthinkofmoreexamplestoshow…is

themost…intheworld?Competewithyour

classmates.

Unit7

What’sthehighestmountainintheworld?

Focus

Yes,Idid.It'smucholderthantheUS.

DidyouknowthatChinaisoneoftheoldestcountriesintheworld?

TheCaspianSeaisthedeepestofallthesaltlakes.

Whichisthedeepestsaltlakeintheworld?

It's8,844.43metershigh.It'shigherthananyothermountain.

Howhighis

Qomolangma?

Qomolangma.

What'sthehighest

mountainintheworld?

4a.Fillintheblankswiththecorrectformsofthewordsinthebox.

1.TheAmazonRiverisoneofthe_________

riversintheworld.It’salittle________

thantheYangtzeRiver.

2.Qomolangmais8,844.43meters_______.

bigmuchpopularlongoldhigh

longest

longer

high

It’soneofthemost __________placesfor

seriousmountainclimbers.

3.Nooceanintheworldisas________as

thePacificOcean.

4.AlthoughJapanis__________than

Canada,itis _________smaller.

popular

big

older

much

e.g.Tworivers:_________________and

_________________

____________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

4b.Writetwocomparisonsabouttwotopics.Writetruefacts.

theYangtzeRiver

theAmazonRiver

TheYangtzeRiverisalmostaslongastheAmazonRiver.

TheAmazonislongerthantheYangtze,buttheYangtzeisthelongestriverinChina.

Twocities:__________and__________

1.______________________________________

2.______________________________________

_____________________________________

Twoanimals:__________and__________

1.______________________________________

2.______________________________________

_____________________________________

4c.Writefivequestionsusingcomparisons.Thenaskyourpartneryourquestions.

____________________________________

____________________________________

____________________________________

____________________________________

____________________________________

Whatisthehighestbuildinginourcity?

Whoistheoldestpeopleinourcity?

Whatisthemostpopularstreetinourcity?

Whatisthemostdeliciousfoodinourcity?

Whereisthebusiestroadinourcity?

Focus

(一)数词Numeral

数词是用来表示事物的数目和顺序的词。

数词的分类:

1.基数词

2.序数词

3.分数词

今天我们先来学习一下基数词。

1.复习1—100以内的所有数字。

2.掌握百、千、万、十万、百万的表达法。

1、1-19的基数词

one1

two2

three3

four4

five5

six6

seven7

eight8

nine9

ten10

eleven11

twelve12

thirteen13

fourteen14

fifteen15

sixteen16

seventeen17

eighteen18

nineteen19

2、20—90等十位数

twenty20

thirty30

forty40

fifty50

sixty60

seventy70

eighty80

ninety90

twenty-one21

twenty-two22

………………

其它的十位数照此类推,如:

thirty-one31

forty-two42

seventy-five75

ninety-six96

3、百、千、万

百hundred100onehundred

200twohundred

以此类推····

千thousand1000onethousand

2000twothousand·········

英语里没有“万”这一单位,万也用thousand表示。如:10000tenthousand一万20000twentythousand两万·····

4、十万、百万

十万的说法是:100.000

a(one)hundredthousand

200.000

twohundredthousand

million百万a(one)million1,000,000

twomillion2,000,000

········以此类推······

8,000,000eightmillion

练一练

345

1001

18,657,421

threehundredandforty-five

onethousand(and)one

eighteenmillion,sixhundredandfifty-seventhousand,fourhundredandtwenty-one

Theprojectlasted5yearsandcost2billion

dollars.

2.TheChinesehavebeenmakingpaperfor

twothousandyears.

3.Onethousandpoundsisalotofmoney.

表示确定数量时用基数词+hundred,thousand,million,billion

多位基数词读法

457

890

608

389

threehundredandeighty-nine

fourhundredandfifty-seven

eighthundredandninety

sixhundredandeight

1)101~999的三位数由“百位数+and+两位数组成”。如:325—threehundredandtwenty-five

102onehundredandtwo

635sixhundredandthirty-five

2)三位数以上的数,从个位往前数,每三位数加一个逗号,从后往前数的第一个逗号代表thousand,第二个逗号代表million,第三个逗号是billion,注意这几个词不能用复数形式,后也不能加and。例如:

2,648

twothousand,sixhundredandforty-eight

16,250,064

sixteenmillion,twohundredandfiftythousand,sixty-four

确切数目与不确切数目的表达:

hundred,thousand,million,billion等前面有

基数词,表示确切数目时,用单数,后直接

接复数名词;如:

threehundredbooks

onehundredpeople

fivethousandstudents

sevenmillionstarts

表示不确切数目时,这类词后加-s且与of连

用。如:

hundredsofpeople

thousandsofstudents

millionsofbirds

billionsoflions

注意:这类短语中,名词前如有定冠词、指

示代词或形容词性物主代词时,可加of,但

表示的是范围。如:twohundredofthe

workers工人中的二百(人)

Focus

(二)形容词的比较级和最高级comparativesandsuperlativeswithadj.andadv.

short

shorter

small

smaller

nice

nicer

safe

safer

big

thin

heavy

heavier

happy

happier

big

bigger

thin

thinner

delicious–moredelicious

interesting–moreinteresting

important—moreimportant

carefully---morecarefully

quickly---morequickly

slowly---moreslowly

easily---moreeasily

大多数形容词和副词有三个等级:

原级、比较级、最高级。

一、形容词比较级的构成

1.构成的不规则变化:

2.构成的规则变化:

1.构成的不规则变化:

e.g.good/well–better–best

bad/badly–worse–worst

many/much–more–most

little–less–least

far–farther/further–farthest/

furthest

2.构成的规则变化:

1)单音节词和少数双音节词一般在词尾

后加-er构成比较级或-est构成最高级.如:

原级比较级最高级

cold–——colder–——coldest

bright———brighter———brightest

young——younger——youngest

2)以字母e结尾的词只加–r或-st构成

比较级和最高级。

原级比较级最高级

nice———nicer–———nicest

fine———finer————finest

large——larger————largest

3)重读闭音节词末尾只有一个辅音字母

时,先双写这个辅音字母,再加-er或-est。

如:big–bigger–biggest

thin–thinner–thinnest

4)以“辅音字母+y”结尾的双音节词,

先改y为i,再加-er或-est。如:

easy–easier–easiest

happy–happier–happiest

5)多音节词和部分双音节词在词前加more

或most。如:

delicious–moredelicious

–mostdelicious

interesting–moreinteresting

–mostinteresting

important—moreimportant

—mostimportant

carefully---morecarefully--mostcarefully

quickly---morequickly---mostquickly

slowly---moreslowly---mostslowly

easily---moreeasily---mosteasily

形容词最高级的构成

A:tall

short

quick

thick

light

cool

warm

quiet

wild

calm

the--est

tall

taller

tallest

B:heavy

easy

tidy

dry

busy

happy

healthy

hungry

early

y--i--est

C:large

late

nice

--st

biggest

D:big

hot

hottest

thin“双写”

thinnest

wet

wettest

fat

fattest

Adjective

delicio

ifficult

8.little

betterbest

morecomfortablemostcomfortable

biggerbiggest

happierhappiest

cheapercheapest

moremost

moredifficultmostdifficult

lessleast

用法:英语中三者或三者以上相比较,表示

“最……”这样的最高程度概念时,要用“the+最高级”的结构表示。这种句式一般带有表示比较的介词短语,比如:inourclass,ofthethree等。

例如:WangLinisthetallestinourclass.

Thistheateristhecheapestofthethree.

注意使用最高级时应注意以下几点:

形容词的最高级

(1)表示“最……之一”的句式,要用oneofthe

+形容词最高级+复数名词。

例如:JingjiangHotelisoneofthebiggesthotels

inourcity.

Lisaisnotoneofmybestfriends.

(2)当最高级前面有物主代词或名词所有格时,

不加定冠词the。

例如:TomisLucy’sbestfriend.

Tuesdayisherbusiestday.

(3)最高级前可加序数词。

例如:TheYellowRiveristhesecond

longestriverinChina.

(4)形容最高级修饰作表语或介词宾语的名词,代词时,被修饰的词往往省略。

例如:Heisthelaziest(student)inourclass.

2.形容词比较级和最高级的构成

规则变化

一般情况下,单音节或双音节的形容词比较级直接加-er,最高级直接加-est。如:

clever—cleverer—cleverest

cheap—cheaper—cheapest

few—fewer—fewest

small—smaller—smallest

young—younger—youngest

b.以-e结尾的形容词,比较级+-r,最高级+-st。如:large—larger—largestnice—nicer—nicest

cute—cuter—cutest

c.以辅音字母+y结尾的形容词,变y为i+er或+est。

busy—busier—busiest

heavy—heavier—heaviest

easy—easier—easiest

happy—happier—happiest

dirty—dirtier—dirtiest

d.以重读闭音节结尾,末尾只有一个辅音字母结

尾的词,双写最后一个辅音字母,再加+er或

+est。如:

big—bigger—biggestthin—thinner—thinnest

fat—fatter—fattesthot—hotter—hottest

e.多音节和部分双音节形容词,需在原级前+more

构成比较级,+most构成最高级。如:

important—moreimportant—mostimportant

beautiful—morebeautiful–mostbeautiful

difficult—moredifficult—mostdifficult

3.不规则变化:

原级

比较级

最高级

good/well

better

best

bad/ill

worse

worst

little

less

least

many/much

more

most

far

farther/further

farthest/furthest

old

older/elder

oldest/eldest

最高级规则变化口诀:

最高级,很容易,一般词尾加est。

(cheap-thecheapest)

词尾若有哑音e,直接就加st。

(close-theclosest)

重读闭音节,单辅音字母要双写。

(big-thebiggest)

辅音字母加y,记得把y变为i。

(friendly-thefriendliest)

多音节,考考你,themost到底加哪里?

(popular-themostpopular)

1.WearegoingtotheGreenRestaurantforlunch.

(就划线部分提问)

____________yougoingforlunch?

2.Samistheshortestinhisclass.(改为同义句)

Samis________than_________studentinhisclass.

Samis_______than__________studentsinhisclass.

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