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Unit7

What’sthehighestmountainintheworld?

LanguageGoal:

Talkaboutgeographyandnature

Qomolangma about9,600,000square

kilometersinsize

TheSahara 1,025metersdeep

TheCaspianSea 6,671kilometerslong

TheNile 8,844.43metershigh

1a.Matchthefactsyouknow.

1.Qomolangmais ________thananyother

mountainintheworld.

2.TheSaharais__________desertinthe

world.

3.TheCaspianSeais__________ofallthe

saltlakes.

4.TheNileis___________riverintheworld.

1b.Listenandcompletethesentences.

higher

thebiggest

thedeepest

thelongest

1c.Usetheinformationin1btomakeconversations.

A:Whatisthehighestmountaininthe

world?

B:Qomolangma.

______TheYangtzeRiverisabout________ kilometerslongandtheYellowRiveris __________kilometerslong.

____Chinahasthebiggestpopulationinthe

world.It’salotbiggerthanthepopulation

oftheUS.

2a.Listenandnumberthefacts[1-4]intheorderyouhearthem.

6,300 5,000 5,464 300

____Chinaisover________yearsold.Ithas

amuchlongerhistorythantheUS.The

USisnoteven_______yearsold.

____ChinaisalmostasbigastheUS,andit

isthebiggestcountryinAsia.

2b.Listenagainandfillintheblanksin2awiththenumbersinthebox.

______TheYangtzeRiverisabout________ kilometerslongandtheYellowRiveris __________kilometerslong.

____Chinahasthebiggestpopulationinthe

world.It’salotbiggerthanthepopulation

oftheUS.

6,300 5,000 5,464 300

6,300

5,464

____Chinaisover________yearsold.Ithas

amuchlongerhistorythantheUS.The

USisnoteven_______yearsold.

____ChinaisalmostasbigastheUS,andit

isthebiggestcountryinAsia.

5,000

300

A:DidyouknowthatChinaisoneofthe

oldestcountriesintheworld?

B:Yes,Idid.It’smucholderthanmy

country.

2c.Makeconversationsusingtheinformationin2a.

Guide:Feelfreetoaskmeanythingon

today’sGreatWalltour.

Tourist1:Howlongisthewall?

Guide:Ah,themostpopularquestion!If

we’reonlytalkingabouttheparts

fromtheMingDynasty,it’sabout

8,850kilometerslong.Thismakes

itthelongestwallintheworld.

2d.Role-playtheconversation.

Tourist2:Wow,that’samazing!Whydidthe

ancientemperorsbuildthewall?Guide:Themainreasonwastoprotecttheir

partofthecountry.Asyoucansee,

it’squitetallandwide.AsfarasI

know,therearenoman-madeobjects

asbigasthis.

Tourist3:IsBadalingpartoftheMingGreat

Wall?

Guide:Yes,it’sthemostfamouspart.

3a.Readthearticleandmatcheachparagraphwiththemainideas.

Qomolangma—theMost

DangerousMountainintheWorld?

Oneoftheworld’smostdangeroussportsismountainclimbing,andoneofthemostpopularplacesforthisistheHimalayas.TheHimalayasrunalongthesouthwesternpartof

China.Ofallthemountains,Qomolangma

risesthehighestandisthemostfamous.Itis8,844.43metershighandsoisverydangeroustoclimb.Thickcloudscoverthetopandsnowcanfallveryhard.Evenmoreseriousdifficultiesincludefreezingweatherconditionsandheavystorms.Itisalsoveryhardtotakeinairasyougetnearthetop.

ThefirstpeopletoreachthetopwereTenzingNorgayandEdmundHillaryonMay29,1953.ThefirstChineseteamdidsoinI960,whilethefirstwomantosucceedwasJunkoTabeifromJapanin1975.

Whydosomanyclimbersrisktheirlives?Oneofthemainreasonsisbecausepeoplewanttochallengethemselvesinthefaceofdifficulties.

Thespiritoftheseclimbersshowsusthatweshouldnevergiveuptryingtoachieveourdreams.Italsoshowsthathumanscansometimesbestrongerthantheforcesofnature.

Paragraph1Spiritofclimbers

Paragraph2Achievementsofclimbers

Paragraph3Factsanddangers

Paragraph1

Listfourdangersforclimbers:

thickclouds

Snowslide;

Freezingweatherconditions;

Heavystorm;

3b.Readthearticleagainandcompletethechart.

Paragraph2

Listthreeachievements:

1953-TenzingNorgayandEdmundHillarywerethefirsttoreachthetop;

1960-ThefirstChineseteamdidso;

1975–theJapaneseJunkoTabeisucceededdoingso.

Paragraphs1&3

Listfourcomparisons:

mostdangeroussport;

mostpopularplaces;

thehighestmountain;

themostfamousmountain

WherearetheHimalayas?

2.HowhighisQomolangma?

3c.Answerthequestionsusinginformationfromthearticle.

TheHimalayasrunalongthesouthwestern

partofChina.

Itis8,844.43metershigh.

3.Whydosomanypeopletrytoclimbthismountaineventhoughitisdangerous?

4.Whatdoesthespiritoftheclimberstellus?

Oneofthemainreasonsisbecausepeoplewant

tochallengethemselvesinthefaceofdifficulties.

Thespiritoftheseclimbersshowsusthatwe

shouldnevergiveuptryingtoachieveour

dreams.Italsoshowsthathumanscansometimes

bestrongerthantheforcesofnature.

1.Feelfreetoaskmeanythingontoday’sGreatWalltour.

在今天的长城游中,大家尽管问我任何问题,不要拘束。

feelfree是英语口语中一个常用表达。若有人让你feelfreetodosomething,就是让你无需拘束,只管按照自己的意愿去做某事。

e.g.A:CanIuseyourbathroom?

我可以用一下你的卫生间吗?

B:Yes,feelfree.可以,请随意。

Languagepoints

2.AsfarasIknow,therearenoman-made

objectsasbigasthis.

据我所知,再没有像它这样大的人造物体了。

asfarasIknow是一个固定的表达方式,还可以说sofarasIknow,意思是“据我所知”。

例如:

AsfarasIknow,Jack’sgottwinsisters.

就我所知,杰克有一对孪生姐妹。

They’renotcomingtoday,sofarasIknow.

他们今天不来了—就我所知是这样的。

3.theMingGreatWall明长城

“明长城”是指明朝时期为了防御北方游牧民族的骚扰,历时一百多年在北部地区修筑的军事防御工程。这段长城东起辽宁虎山,西至甘肃嘉峪关,从东向西横贯多个盛直辖市、自治区,全长约8850千米,是现存历代长城遗迹中最完整、最坚固的。

4.Evenmoreseriousdifficultiesincludefreezingweatherconditionsandheavystorms.

更加严峻的困难包括极冷的天气状况和巨大的风暴。

1)difficulty既可作可数名词也可作不可数名词,在此用作可数名词。作可数名词时,difficulty通常用作复数,表示具体概念,即:各种各样的“困难;难题;难事”。

例如:

Peoplelearninganewlanguagemayfacesome

difficulties.

人们学习一门新的语言时可能会遇到一些困难。

Ifyouhaveanydifficulties,youcancallme

forhelp.

如果你遇到任何困难,给我打电话求助好了。

作不可数名词时,difficulty可译作“困难;艰难;辛苦;费劲”,

例如:

Hehadgreatdifficultyinfindinganewjob.

他找新的工作费了很大劲。 .

Wefoundthehousewithoutdifficulty.

我们轻而易举地找到广那座房子。

2)include表示“包括;包含”,是一个及物动词。

例如:

Doesyourpriceofthebikeincludethislight?

你们的车价包含这盏车灯吗?

5.Thespiritoftheseclimbersshowsusthatweshouldnevergiveuptryingtoachieveourdreams.

这些登山者的精神向我们表明:我们绝不应该放弃实现自己梦想的尝试。

1)giveupdoingsomething的意思是“放弃做某事;半途而废”

Hegaveuplearningathirdlanguageafterhegotthejob.

他找到工作之后就放弃了对第三门语言的学习。

2)achieveourdreams相当于makeourdreamscometrue

其中动词achieve表示“(通过努力)实现;取得;获取;达到(梦想、成绩、成功、目的)”等。

例如:

Heachievedgreatsuccessinashorttime.

他用很短的时间取得了极大的成功。

LinTaoachievedverygoodexamresults.

林涛考试取得了很好的成绩。

Focus

Yes,Idid.It'smucholderthantheUS.

DidyouknowthatChinaisoneoftheoldestcountriesintheworld?

TheCaspianSeaisthedeepestofallthesaltlakes.

Whichisthedeepestsaltlakeintheworld?

It's8,844.43metershigh.It'shigherthananyothermountain.

Howhighis

Qomolangma?

Qomolangma.

What'sthehighest

mountainintheworld?

4a.Fillintheblankswiththecorrectformsofthewordsinthebox.

1.TheAmazonRiverisoneofthe_________

riversintheworld.It’salittle________

thantheYangtzeRiver.

2.Qomolangmais8,844.43meters_______.

bigmuchpopularlongoldhigh

longest

longer

high

It’soneofthemost __________placesfor

seriousmountai

comparisonsabouttwotopics.Writetruefacts.

theYangtzeRiver

theAmazonRiver

TheYangtzeRiverisalmostaslongastheAmazonRiver.

TheAmazonislongerthantheYangtze,buttheYangtzeisthelongestriverinChina.

Twocities:__________and__________

1.______________________________________

2.______________________________________

_____________________________________

Twoanimals:__________and__________

1.______________________________________

2.______________________________________

_____________________________________

4c.Writefivequestionsusingcomparisons.Thenaskyourpartneryourquestions.

____________________________________

____________________________________

____________________________________

____________________________________

____________________________________

Whatisthehighestbuildinginourcity?

Whoistheoldestpeopleinourcity?

Whatisthemostpopularstreetinourcity?

Whatisthemostdeliciousfoodinourcity?

Whereisthebusiestroadinourcity?

Unit7

What’sthehighestmountainintheworld?

Focus

(一)数词Numeral

数词是用来表示事物的数目和顺序的词。

数词的分类:

1.基数词

2.序数词

3.分数词

今天我们先来学习一下基数词。

1.复习1—100以内的所有数字。

2.掌握百、千、万、十万、百万的表达法。

1、1-19的基数词

one1

two2

three3

four4

five5

six6

seven7

eight8

nine9

ten10

eleven11

twelve12

thirteen13

fourteen14

fifteen15

sixteen16

seventeen17

eighteen18

nineteen19

2、20—90等十位数

twenty20

thirty30

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