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R八年级下册

Unit7

What'sthehighestmountain

intheworld?

SectionA1a-2d

squaren.平方

metern.米

desertn.沙漠

populationn.人口

walln.墙

tourv.n.旅行

LanguageGoal:

Talkaboutgeographyandnature

1a.Matchthefactsyouknow.

Qomolangma

about9,600,000squarekilometersinsize

TheSahara

1,025metersdeep

TheCaspianSea

6,671kilometerslong

TheNile

8,844.43metershigh

1a

Practiceinpairslikethis:

A:Whichisthe…inthe…?

B:…

1b.Listenandcompletethesentences.

1.Qomolangmais______thananyothermountainintheworld.

2.TheSaharais____________desertintheworld.

3.TheCaspianSeais____________ofallthesaltlakes.

4.TheNileis_________riverintheworld.

higher

thebiggest

thedeepest

thelongest

1c.Usetheinformationin1btomake

conversations.

Whatisthehighest

mountaininthe

world?

Qomolangma.

2a.Listenandnumberthefacts(1-4)

intheorderyouhearthem.

6,3005,0005,464300

___TheYangtzeRiverisabout____kilometerslongandtheYellowRiveris___kilometerslong.

___Chinahasthebiggestpopulationintheworld.It’salotbiggerthanthepopulationoftheUS.

___Chinaisover___yearsold.IthasamuchlongerhistorythantheUS.TheUSisnoteven___yearsold.

___ChinaisalmostasbigastheUS,butitisthebiggestcountryinAsia.

2b.Listenagainandfillintheblanksin2a

withthenumbersinthebox.

6,3005,0005,464300

___TheYangtzeRiverisabout_______kilometerslongandtheYellowRiveris______kilometerslong.

___Chinahasthebiggestpopulationintheworld.It’salotbiggerthanthepopulationoftheUS.

6,300

5,464

2b

___Chinaisover______yearsold.IthasamuchlongerhistorythantheUS.TheUSisnoteven___yearsold.

___ChinaisalmostasbigastheUS,butitisthebiggestcountryinAsia.

5,000

300

2c.Makeconversationsusing

theinformationin2a.

DidyouknowthatChina

isoneoftheoldestcountries

intheworld?

Yes,Idid.it’s

mucholderthan

mycountry.

Usetheinformationin2atoretellthe

storyinaconversationbetweenthe

boyandaTVreporter.

Didyouknowthat

YangtzeRiveristhe

longestriverinChina?

Yes,Idid.It’s

6,300meterslong.

2d.Role-playtheconversation.

Guide:Feelfreetoaskmeanythingontoday’sGraetWalltour.

Tourist1:Howlongisthewall?

Guide:Ah,themostpopularquestion!Ifwe’reonlytalkingaboutthepartsfromtheMingDynasty,it’sabout8,850kilometerslong.Thismakesitthelongestwallintheworld.

Tourist2:Wow,that’samazing!Whydidtheancientemperorsbuildthewall?

2d

Guide:Themainreasonwastoprotecttheirpartofthecountry.Asyoucansee,it’squitetallandwide.AsfarasIknow,therearenoman-madeobjectsasbigasthis.

Tourist3:IsBadalingpartoftheMingGreatWall?

Guide:Yes,it’sthemostfamouspart.

Languagepoints

1.TheSaharaisabout9600000squarekilometersinsize.

square是可数名词,意为“平方;正方形”。square用于专有名词时,其前不加冠词。

如:Askeachstudenttodraw16squaresonapieceofpaper.

要求每个学生在纸上画16个正方形。

Iwouldestimatethesizeofthegardenat100squaremetres.

据我看,这花园总面积100平方米左右。

Languagepoints

2.TheCaspianSeais1025metersdeep.

(1)deep是形容词,意为“深的;纵深的”。

如:Thisriverisabout6metersdeep.

这河大约有六米深。

Hispersonalityleftadeepimpressiononus.

他的人品给我们留下了深刻的印象。

(2)meter是名词,意为“米;公尺”。

如:Theboyisonemetertallinhisstockingfeet.这个小男孩不穿鞋的身高是一米。

Itisamere100meterfrommyhousetothetheater.从我家到剧场只有一百公尺。

Languagepoints

3.Chinahasthebiggestpopulationintheworld.

(1)population是集合名词,意为“人口;人口数量”,无复数形式,在句中作主语时,谓语动词用单数。但当population前有分数或百分数修饰时,用于指具体的人数,故作主语时,谓语动词要用复数形式。

如:Thepopulationisgrowingfast。

人口增长很快。

Onefifthsofthepopulationhereareworkers。

这儿有五分之一的人是工人。

Languagepoints

Languagepoints

4.ChinaisalmostasbigastheUs,butitis

thebiggestcountryinAsia.

(1)“as+形容词或副词的原级+as”表示双方在某个方面一样,既可以用在肯定句里,也可以用在否定句中。

如:Sheisastallasme.她和我一样高。

HerunsasfastasPaul.他跑得和保罗一样快。

☆“notas+形容词或副词的原级+as”表示双方在某个方面不同。

如:HisEnglishisnotasgoodashers.

他的英语不如她的好。

Languagepoints

(2)biggest是形容词big的最高级,意为“最

大的”。

如:ThisisthebiggestanimalthatIhave

everseen.这是我见过的最大的动物。

形容词的最高级用于表示三者或三者以上(人或物)的比较中,有一个在某方面超过其他人或物。最高级的前面要加定冠词the,后面可带of/in短语来说明比较的范围。

如:It'sthemostexpensivecarintheworld.

它是世界上最昂贵的汽车。

Whosedrawingisthebestofall?

在所有画当中谁的画最好?

Languagepoints

5.Feelfreetoaskmeanythingontoday’sGreatWalltour.

wall是可数名词,意为“墙,围墙”,inthewall表示“在墙的里面”;而onthewall表示“在墙的表面”。theGreatWall(长城)是theGreatWallofChina(中国长城)的简称。

如:Theexplosioncausedthewallsofthebuildingtofallin.爆炸使建筑物的墙倒塌了。

HewhodoesnotreachtheGreatWallisnotatrueman.不到长城非好汉。

单项选择。

1.Ithinksheis____ofallthegirls.

A.beautifulB.morebeautiful

C.mostbeautifulD.themostbeautiful

2.---Howtallheis!

---Yes,heis____thananyotherstudent

inhisclass.

A.tallB.tallerC.tallestD.moretall

根据汉语意思完成句。

1.据我所知,世界上没有墙和长城一样长。

_______________Iknow,nootherwalls

are________________theGreatWall.

2.中国人口非常多。

China's_______________________.

=China'speople____________.

Asfaras

aslongas

populationislarge/big

aremany

R八年级下册

Unit7

What'sthehighestmountain

intheworld?

SectionA3a-3c

-4c

nature

n.大自然

ocean

n.海洋

freezingadj.

极冷的;冰冻的

thickadj.

厚的;浓的

achievement

n.成就;成绩

succeedv.

实现目标;成功

Reading

自读文章,在书中划出重点、疑点后,翻译下列短语。先独立完成,后小组商议。

1.最危险的山峰?

2.世界上最危险的运动之一

themostdangerousmountain

oneoftheworld’smost

dangeroussports

Reading

3.来自世界各地的登山者

4.横亘于中国的西南边界

5.在所有的山峰中

theclimbersfrom

allovertheworld

runalongthesouthwestern

partofChina

ofallthemountains

3a.Readthearticleandmatcheach

paragraphwiththemainideas.

Paragraph1

Paragraph2

Paragraph3

Spiritofclimbers

Achievementsof

climbers

Factsanddangers

3b.Readthearticleagainand

completethechart.

Paragraph1

Paragraph2

Paragraph3

Listfourdangersforclimbers.

Listthreeachievements

Listfourcomparisons

thickclouds

1953—TenzingNorgayandEdmundHillarywerethefirsttoreachthetop

mostdangeroussport

3b

snowcanfallveryhard

freezingweather

conditions

heavystorms

ThefirstChineseteamreachedthetopin1960.

ThefirstwomantosucceedwasJunkoTabeifromJapanin1975.

Peoplecanchallengethemselvesinthefaceofdifficulties.

Nevergiveuptryingtoachieveourdream.

Humanscanbestrongerthantheforcesofnature.

3c.Answerthequestionsusing

informationfromthearticle.

1.WherearetheHimalayas?

2.HowhighisQomolangma?

InthesouthwesternpartofChina.

8,844.43metershigh.

3c

3.Whydosomanypeopletryto

climbthismountaineventhough

itisdangerous?

4.Whatdoesthespiritoftheclimbers

tellus?

Becausepeoplewanttochallengethemselvesinthefaceofdifficulties.

Weshouldnevergiveuptryingtoachieveourdreams.

Focus

What'sthehighestmountainintheworld?

Qomolangma.

HowhighisQomolangma?

It's8,844.43metershigh.It'shigherthananyothermountain.

Whichisthedeepestsaltlakeintheworld?

TheCaspianSeaisthedeepestofallthesaltlakes.

DidyouknowthatChinaisoneoftheoldestcountriesintheworld?

Yes,Idid.It'smucholderthantheUS.

语法内容请见学案对应处

4a.Fillintheblankswiththecorrectforms

ofthewordsinthebox.

bigmuchpopularlongoldhigh

1.TheAmazonRiverisoneofthe_______ riversinthe

Tworivers:_________________and_________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

theYangtzeRiver

theAmazonRiver

TheYangtzeRiverisalmostaslongastheAmazonRiver.

TheAmazonislongerthantheYangtze,buttheYangtzeRiveristhelongestriverinChina.

4b

Twocities:_________and___________

1._________________________________.

2._________________________________

_________________________________

_________________________________.

SingaporeKualaLumpur

KualaLumpurisasmodernasSingapore.

SingaporeisbiggerthanKualaLumpurandhasalargerpopulationthanKualaLumpur

4b

Twoanimals:_________and______

1._______________________________.

2._______________________________

_______________________________.

MonkeyDog

Adogisbiggerthanamonkey.

Amonkeyissmallerthanadog,butitclimbsatreefasterthandog

4c.Writefivequestionsusingcomparisons.

Thenaskyourpartneryourquestions.

1._________________________________

2._________________________________

3._________________________________

4._________________________________

5._________________________________

Whatisthehighestbuildinginourcity?

Whatisthebusiestsubwaystationinourcity?

Whatisthelargestshoppingmallinourcity?

Whatisthebiggestparkinourcity?

Whatisthelongestroadinourcity?

Languagepoints

Oneoftheworld’smostdangerous

sportsismountainclimbing,…

“oneof+the+形容词的最高级+复数名词”,意为“最……之一”。如:

MissWangisoneofthemostpopular

teachersinourschool.

王老师是我们学校最受欢迎的老师之一。

Languagepoints

2.Itisalsoveryhardtotakeinairasyou

getnearthetop.

Itis+adj.+todosth.,it作形式主语

放在句首,而把真正的主语放在句

尾。常用于此句型的形容词有

important,difficult,dangerous,

necessary,useful,possible等,用

来对todosth.进行说明。此句型可以

转换成Todosth.is+adj.。

如:ItisimportanttostudyEnglishwell.

学好英语很困难。

It’sverydifficulttoclimbQomolangma.

攀登珠穆朗玛峰很难。

Languagepoints

Languagepoints

3.Evenmoreseriousdifficultiesincludefreezingweatherconditionsandheavystorms.

difficulty既可作可数名词也可作不可数名词。

作可数名词时通常用复数,表示具体概念,即:各

式各样的“困难,难题,难事”。

如:He’shavingfinancialdifficulties.

他正手头拮据。

作不可数名词时,译作“困难,艰难,幸苦”。

如:Shehadgreatdifficultyinunderstanding

him.她很难理解他说的话。

Languagepoints

4.Thespiritoftheseclimbersshowsusthatweshouldnevergiveuptryingtoachieveourdreams.

giveup意为“放弃”,后面可以接名词、代词或v-ing形式作宾语。

注意:如果其宾语是名词,那么名词可以放在give和up之间,也可以放在up之后;如果其宾语是代词,那么代词只能放在give和up之间。

Languagepoints

如:Myunclewantstogiveupdrinkingwine.我叔叔想戒酒。

AlthoughEnglishisn’teasytolearn,Iwon’tgiveitup.

虽然英语不易学,但我不会放弃。

Languagepoints

5.Whydosomanypeopletrytoclimbthismountaineventhoughitisdangerous?

eventhough用作从属连词,意为“即使;尽

管,相当于evenif,引导让步状语从句,一般

不与并列连词but连用。

如:Mr.Wangwillcomeontimeeven

thoughitrains.

尽管下雨,但王老师会按时来。

1.Fishtake____oxygenthroughtheirgills.

A.upB.intoC.inD.for

2.Thereareso____toysintheshopthatIcan't

decidewhichtobuy.

A.suchB.manyC.moreD.that

3.Thepolicemanshowedgreatbravery____

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