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内容介绍

现在完成时

Heisfull.

Hehashadabigbreakfast.

1.过去某一时间点发生的动作对现在产生影响。

功能:

Whathasjusthappenedtohim?

Hehasjustlosthisjob.

Whathasjusthappenedtoher?

Shehasjustgotaloveletter.

IhavelearnedEnglishfortenyears

2.过去某一时间点发生的动作持续到现在或还将持续下去。

ArnoldstartedtoplaytennisinJan.

ArnoldhasplayedtennissinceJan.

MaggiemovedtoHawaiiin1996.

MaggiehaslivedinHawaiiforabout8years.

基本结构

have/has+done

助动词(可以帮助构成肯定、疑问和否定句)

1.Hehascleanedhisroom.

(写一个一般疑问句)

Hashecleanedhisroom?

2.ShehaslivedinLondon

forfouryears.(划线部分提问)

HowlonghasshelivedinLondon?

3.HehasbeentoChina,________?

(写出反义疑问句部分)

hasn’the

4.Theyhavecomebackfromwork.

(写否定句)

Theyhaven’tcomebackfromwork.

抄写动词以及过去式和过去分词。

1.be--2.come—

3.go--4.do—

5.have--6.drink—

7.give--8.eat–

9.know--10.make—

11.run--12.say—

13.see--14.find—

15.draw--16.get—

17.hear--18.begin—

19.buy--20.leave—

was/were--been

came--come

went--gone

did--done

had-had

drank--drunk

gave--given

ate--eaten

knew--known

made--made

ran--run

said--said

saw-seen

found--found

drew--drawn

got--got

heard-heard

began--begun

bought--bought

left--left

WhatarethekeywordsforthePresentPerfectTense?

A:______yourbrother______hishomeworkyet?(finish)

B:Yes,he‘salreadydoneit.

Keywords

Hasfinished

yet

already

注意:already用于肯定句,

yet用于疑问句和否定句中

A:_______youever_______tothepark?(be)

B:No,never.

Keywords

Havebeen

yet

already

ever

never

注意:ever曾经用于疑问句中

never从不带有否定意义

I______just________thedesk,youcantakeittoyourclassroom.(mend)

Keywords

havemended

yet

ever

never

just

already

Just刚刚与现在完成时连用一般置句中

Justnow刚才与一般过去时连用

Tom___________inthefactorysinceheleftschooltenyearsago.(work)

Keywords

hasworked

yet

ever

never

since

already

since后面带过去时间或有一般过去时的句子

A:Howlong______you________inthisschool?(teach)

B:For6years.

Keywords

havetaught

yet

ever

never

since

for

already

+一段时间

We_______only____________100treessofar.(answer)

Keywords

haveplanted

yet

ever

never

since

for

just

already

sofar

到目前为止

Keywords

yet

ever

never

since

for

just

before

already

sofar

inthepast10years

twice

也可以是其他表示次数的词

howlong

since:(自…以来)

1)since+时间点

He?has?stayed?here?since?5?o’clock.

2)since+时间段+ago

He?has?stayed?here?since?5?hours?ago.

3)since+从句

She?has?taught?English?since?he?came?here.

for:(长达)

for+时间段

Hehaskeptthebookfor2weeks.

since,for的用法:

Takenotes

常用于现在完成时的时间副词,介词:

already(已经):用于肯定句Ihavealreadypostedtheletter.

yet(已经):用于否定句,疑问句Hehasn’tdonehishomeworkyet.

just(刚刚)Theyhavejustleft.

ever(曾经)HaveyoueverbeentoBeijing?

never(从不)Ihaveneverseenhim.

before(以前)Haveyouseenthefilmbefore?

since(自从…以来)I’veworkedintheschoolsince1999.

for(长达)He’slivedinShenzhenfor6years.

inthepastseveraldays/weeks/years(在过去的…)

recently(最近)Ihavenotwrittentomyparentsrecently.

sofar(到目前为止)Sofarshehaslearned5Englishsongs.

uptonow(到目前为止)

thismorning/month/year(今天早上/这个月/今年)

用for或since填空

Mr.BrownhashadhisTV________15years.

I’vetakendrivinglessons_________lastmonth.

Mysisterhashadhercellphone________amonth.

Myfriendshaven’tvisitedme___________mybirthday.

Wehaven’tusedourcar________alongtime.

Shehasn’thadagoodcupofcoffee_________years.

Tomhaswornglasses_________hewas7yearsold.

for

since

for

since

for

for

since

havebeento

havegoneto

havebeenin

去过某地已经回来

常与ever,never,

once,twice,连用

一直留在某地

与for/since连用

用howlong提问

去了某地

还没回来不与

只用于第三人称

Hersister_____________Australia,

Sheleftthismorning.

hasgoneto

have/hasbeento

have/hasgoneto

have/hasbeenin

去过

常与ever,never,

once,twice,连用

在…

与时间段连用

用howlong提问

去了

说话时某人不在

只用于第三人称

A:WhereisBob?

B:He____________Japanwith

hissister.

hasgoneto

have/hasbeento

have/hasgoneto

have/hasbeenin

去过

常与ever,never,

once,twice,连用

在…

与时间段连用

用howlong提问

去了

说话时某人不在

只用于第三人称

A:Howlong____you_______China?

B:I_________herefor3years.

havebeen

havebeenin

have/hasbeento

have/hasgoneto

have/hasbeenin

去过

常与ever,never,

once,twice,连用

在…

与时间段连用

用howlong提问

去了

说话时某人不在

只用于第三人称

A:_____youever________thecity?

B:No,never.

Havebeento

Hehasboughtthebook.

Hehasboughtthebookforaweek.

Hehashadthebookforaweek.

buy

have

come/go/getto

bein

join

bein

bea…member

leave

beaway

borrow

keep

begin

beon

finish

beover

die

bedead

reture

beback

Shehasboughtthecomputerfortwoyears.

had

buy

have/hashad

HowlonghaveyoucometotheUnitedStates?

beenin

cometo

have/hasbeenin

buy

have/hashad

AnnhasgonetoChinasincethreemonthsago.

beenin

cometo

have/hasbeenin

buy

have/hashad

goto

have/hasbeenin

Mybrotherhasjoinedthearmyforfiveyears.

beenin

beenasoldier

cometo

have/hasbeenin

buy

have/hashad

goto

have/hasbeenin

gotto

have/hasbeenin

join

have/hasbeenin

have/hasbeenasoldier

IhaveleftShanghaifor3days.

beenawayfor3days.

cometo

have/hasbeenin

buy

have/hashad

goto

have/hasbeenin

gotto

have/hasbeenin

join

have/hasbeenin

have/hasbeenasoldier

leave

have/hasbeenaway

Ihaveborrowedthedictionarysince3daysago.

kept

cometo

have/hasbeenin

buy

have/hashad

goto

have/hasbeenin

gotto

have/hasbeenin

join

have/hasbeenin

have/hasbeenasoldier

leave

have/hasbeenaway

borrow

have/haskept

Thefilmhasbegunfor10minutes.

beenon

cometo

have/hasbeenin

buy

have/hashad

goto

have/hasbeenin

gotto

have/hasbeenin

join

have/hasbeenin

have/hasbeenasoldier

leave

have/hasbeenaway

borrow

have/haskept

begin

have/hasbeenon

Theconcerthasfinishedforhalfanhour.

beenover

cometo

have/hasbeenin

buy

have/hashad

goto

have/hasbeenin

gotto

have/hasbeenin

join

have/hasbeenin

have/hasbeenasoldier

leave

have/hasbeenaway

borrow

have/haskept

begin

have/hasbeenon

finish

have/hasbeenover

Hisdoghasdiedfortwoyears.

beendead

cometo

have/hasbeenin

buy

have/hashad

goto

have/hasbeenin

gotto

have/hasbeenin

join

have/hasbeenin

have/hasbeenasoldier

leave

have/hasbeenaway

borrow

have/haskept

begin

have/hasbeenon

finish

have/hasbeenover

die

have/hasbeendead

We____________eachothersincechildhood.

We____________eachotherwhenwewereyoung.

know

haveknown

knew

I________himjustnow.

(see)

I_____just_____mypen.(lose)

saw

have

lost

Howlong______you______

intheUnitedstates?(live)

When_____you______here?(move)

have

did

move

lived

A:When______you______thefilm?

B:I____ittwomonthsago.(see)

Thewriter_______

7.give--8.eat–

9.know--10.make—

11.run--12.say—

13.see--14.find—

15.draw--16.get—

17.hear--18.begin—

19.buy--20.leave—

was/were--been

came--come

went--gone

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