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内容介绍

2017-2018学年度第二学期八县(市)一中期末联考

高中二年英语科试卷

完卷时间:120分钟满分:l50分

第一部分听力(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1.Wheredidthemangetthebook?

A.Fromhisbrother.

B.Fromthelibrary.

C.Fromabookstore.

2.HowdoesMikeusuallygotoschoolnow?

A.Bycar. B.Bybus. C.Bybike.

3.Whatistheweatherlikenow?

A.Coldbutsunny.

B.Windyandcold.

C.Sunnyandwarm.

4.Whattimedoesthewomanwanttomeettheman?

A.At1:00p.m. B.At1:30p.m. C.At2:00p.m.

5.Whatarethespeakersmainlytalkingabout?

A.Whattohavefordinner.

B.HowtomakeChinesefood.

C.WheretofindanIndianrestaurant.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6.Howoftendoesthemangotothegym?

A.Twiceaweek.

B.Fivetimesaweek.

C.Everymorning.

7.Whatdoesthewomanwanttogotothegymfor?

A.Dancing. B.Running. C.Swimming.

听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

8.Howmanypeoplearegoinghiking?

A.Two. B.Three. C.Four.

9.Whenwillthespeakersgohiking?

A.OnWednesday. B.OnThursday. C.OnFriday.

听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

10.WhatdoesAronsayabouthismother?

A.Shejustchangedjobs.

B.ShejustmovedtoLondon.

C.Shejustopenedalawfirm.

11.WhatwillAronbedoinginParis?

A.Lookingforajob.

B.Goingtoschool.

C.Takingaholiday.

12.Whatistheprobablerelationshipbetweenthespeakers?

A.Co-workers. B.Friendsatschool. C.Brotherandsister.

听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

13.HowlongwilltheexhibitioninItalylast?

A.Twoweeks. B.Fourweeks. C.Eightweeks.

14.Whereisthesecondstopoftheexhibitiontour?

A.Spain. B.Greece. C.Portugal.

15.Whywon’tthespeakersgototheexhibitiononSaturday?

A.Thewomanhastogotoclasses.

B.Themanhastoworkonhispaper.

C.Themuseumwillbecrowdedthatday.

16.WherewillthewomanprobablybeonFridaymorning?

A.Inthelibrary. B.Atthegallery. C.Intheclassroom.

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

17.HowmanylanguagesdoesStartTodayteachatthemoment?

A.11. B.22. C.57.

18.Whydomostpeoplelearnnewlanguagesaccordingtothespeaker?

A.Tobecomelanguageexperts.

B.Togetbetteropportunities.

C.Totravelaroundtheworld.

19.WhatisthegoalofStartToday?

A.Tomakeeducationfreethroughtechnology.

B.Todevelopmorecoursesthroughtechnology.

C.Tocreateprivateexperiencesthroughtechnology.

20.WhatisthelearningprocesslikeatStartToday?

A.Veryfun. B.Veryboring. C.Verydifficult.

第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

IfeltlikeIhadclickedmyheelsthreetimesandcometoacountryawayfromhomeeverymorningasIwalkedthroughthedoorsattheEmbassyofAustraliainWashington.MusicalAussieaccents,andAboriginalartexhibitsmademewonderifIhadenteredwithoutavisa.InfactIwasatemporaryemployee,apublicaffairsunpaidintern(实习)forthreemonthsduringthesummerinordertoengagemyselfinthecultureofthecountrywhereIplannedtostudythenextspring.

DuringthesummerIreadtheAustraliannewseveryday.WorkingattheembassyallowedmetoescapetheU.S.forsixhoursperdayandlearnaboutwhatwasgoingonacrosstheplanet.AfterreadingthedailyAustralianandU.S.newsIusuallyhelpedprepareaPowerPointpresentationforschoolkidswhovisitedtheembassyaspartofaschoolactivity.Dependingonwhetheranembassyeventwasgoingon,IwouldattendweeklymeetingstolisteninonplanningandseewhatIcoulddotohelp.Usuallythereweresmallertaskstobedonesuchascreatingvisitors'guides.

ThemostfantasticeventinwhichIparticipatedwasthevisitoftheAustralianprimeminister.AstheonlyAmericanamongcountlessAustralianmediaandstaff,Ifeltcomfortableandwaskeptbusytakingpicturesandrecordingdoor-stopinterviewsatfamoussitessuchastheCapitol.Butasanintern,youwillnotbeinside,exposedtotop-secretinformation,whenitcomestospecialevents.

Governmentworkisausefuladditiontoone'sexperience.Asanembassyemployeeyouwillgaininvaluableknowledgewhilespendingyoursummerinaculturallydiverseworkplace.

21.Whatistheauthortalkingabout?

A.Herforeigncultureexperience. B.Hertroubleinfindingajob.

C.Herembassyinternship. D.Herpreparationforfutureemployment.

23.WhatwastheauthorforbiddentodowhentheAustralianprimeministervisitedAmerica?

A.Recorddoor-stopinterviews. B.Knowtop-secretinformation.

C.Takepicturesofspecialevents. D.StandamongtheAustralianstaff.

24.WhatcanweinferaboutherdailyroutineattheEmbassy?

A.Itistiring. B.Itisdisgusting.

C.Itisrelaxing. D.Itisexciting.

ThreeyearsagoJennySalgado,aDominicanshopassistant,movedtoHighlandtown,aneighborhoodofBaltimore.WhenshearrivedtheshopsheworksinwasoneofonlyafewSpanishbusinesses.Nowtherearemanymore.“It’sgoodnowifyouspeakSpanish,”shesmiles.

Baltimorehasbeenlosingpeoplefor60years.Toaddressthis,itsformermayor,StephanieRawlings-Blake,wantedtomakeitthemostimmigrant-friendlycityintheworld.ItslibrariesprovideSpanish-languageexerciseclasses.Tohelpthosewithnopapers,thecityisintroducingmicro-loans(小额贷款)whichrequirenocreditchecks.Citypolicewouldnolongerroutinelychecktheimmigrationstatusofcitizensorenforceanyfederalimmigrationlawunlessrequiredto.Thethengovernor,MartinO'Malleymadeitpossibleforillegalimmigrantstogetdrivinglicenses.Suchwelcomingpoliciesarespreading.SuchcitiesasCleveland,DaytonandPhiladelphiaalleagerlytrytopleaseimmigrants.RickSnyder,GovernorofMichigan,hasaskedthefederalgovernmenttooffer50,000visastopeoplewhoagreetoliveinDetroit.Hisadministrationhasmadeiteasierforskilledmigrantstogetprofessionallicenses.

Whenacity’spopulationfalls,bothtaxreceiptsandservicesfall.Half-desertedneighborhoodsbreed(滋生)crime,drivingyetmorepeopletoleave.

Nocityhasescapedthiswithoutattractingnewresidents,saysSteveTobocmanofGlobalDetroit.Severalstudiessuggestthatwhenimmigrantsarrive,crimegoesdown,schoolsimproveandshopsopenup.InDetroit,immigrantslivingnearthetinyseparatecityofHamtramckhaveformedlocalwatchestoguardagainstthieves.Theirneighborhoodsarenotjustsafer;theyarealsoamongtheonlyplaceswhereitisaseasytobuyfreshvegetablesasdrugsandalcohol.

Butattractingnewimmigrantstothecitieswhichmostneedthemishard,arguesAudreySingeroftheBrookingsInstitution.Theycareaboutthesamethingsaseveryoneelse:safestreets,goodschoolsandjobs.Citieswhichhavelostpopulationfordecadesstrugglewithallofthese.

24.Whatdoestheunderlinedword“address”mean?

A.dealwith B.remarkon C.getthrough D.referto

25.WhichcanbestdescribethesituationmentionedinParagraph3?

A.Aconstantmatter B.Adilemma C.Adeathcircle D.Aclassiccase

26.Whatisthetopicofthelastbutoneparagraph?

A.Problemscausedbyimmigrants. B.Thepositiveroleimmigrantsplay.

C.Thelivingconditionsofimmigrants. D.DifficultiesimmigrantsfaceinDetroit.

27.WhichstatementmayAudreySingeragreewith?

A.Thereisnoneedtoencouragesuchimmigrant-friendlypolicies.

B.Immigrantshavehigherexpectationsofacitythanitslocals.

C.Attractingimmigrantshelpspreventacityfromlosingpopulation.

D.Attractingimmigrantstocitieslosingpeopleisdemanding.

Irecommendalotofnon-fictionbooks,andeveryonceinawhileIreviewanovel.ButIdon’tthinkI’veeverwrittenaboutabookofpoetrybefore.That’salmostwhatMaylisdeKerangal’sTheHeartis,t

rcrashhappensinthefirst15pages,sotherestofthebookisameditation(冥想)onlife,death,and,asthetitlesuggests,theheart.Therearen’teventhatmanycharacters:youmeetSimon’sfatherandmother,thedoctorondutyatthehospitalwhenSimongetsthere,thenurseassistinghim,theheadoftheorgandonationorganization,thewomanwhogetstheheartintheend,andafewotherpeople.

Butjustdescribingtheplotislikesaying“duringahearttransplant,doctorsputoneperson’sheartintoanotherperson’sbody”andleavingitatthat.It’snottheplotthatmakesTheHeartsuchawonderfulbook.Firstofall,there’sthelanguage.ItmakesmethinkofVladimirNabokovmorethananybodyelse.Thesentencesarerichandfull,andtheygoonandon,whichistheexactoppositeofhowIwrite.

AttimesIfoundmyselfreadingmoreslowlythanusual,simplybecausethewayshedescribesthingsissobeautiful:atonepointshedescribesacharacter’swordsan“reddeningrocksfromastill-burningfire”.Thechoicesofwordsareveryspecific—IwenttothedictionaryadozentimestolookupthewordsIdidn’tknow.

28.Whatdoestheauthorthinkofthestoryofthebook?

A.notcomplex. B.verytouching. C.veryinteresting. D.veryinspiring.

29.Fromthe16thpage,thebook________.

A.startstellingstories B.showssomepoems

C.becomesmoreexciting D.talksaboutsomethingbig

30.Whatmakesthebookwonderfulaccordingtotheauthor?

A.Itstheme. B.Itsplot C.Itswritingstyle D.Itscharacters

31.Thispassagecanbeclassifiedas________.

A.anadvertisement B.abookreview C.afeaturestoryD.Anewsreport

Whenalaptoporsmartphonebatterystartslosingitspower,theonlyoptionsaretobuyanexpensivereplacement,orjustkeepitpluggedin(接通电源的)allthetime.Butonewomanmayhavefoundtheanswertothisproblem.

MyaLeThaiisascientiststudyingattheUniversityofCalifornia.Sherecentlydiscoveredaprocessthatmayleadtobatteriesthatlastforever.

Thaisaidshehadbeenfrustratedthatthebatteriesforherwirelessdevicesdegraded(退化)overtime,untiltheyfailedtochargefully.Thaididnotlikehavingtokeepherlaptopconnectedtoanelectricaloutlet(电源插座)tokeepitpoweredon.So,shedecidedtodosomethingaboutthatproblem.Atfirst,sheandherteamatUCIrvinethoughtaboutinventinganewbattery.Butastheyexperimented,Thaidiscoveredsomethingthatmightpermitlithium-ion(锂离子)batteriestolastforever.

Lithium-ionbatteriespowermostwirelessdevices.Overtime,thebatterieslosetheabilitytoholdacharge.Mostofthesebatterieshavealifespanofabout7,000chargingcyclesbeforetheydie.Oneofthereasonslithium-ionbatteriesdegradeistheiruseofnanowirestocarryelectricity.Nanowiresareextremelythin.Ahumanhairisthousandsoftimesthicker,forexample.Nanowiresareextremelyefficientcarriersofelectricity,whichmakesthemusefulinbatteries.ButThaisaidtheirthinnessalsomakesthemweak.“Nanowiresbreakandfractureovertime,”shesaid.“That’swhytheylosecapacity.”

But,Thaihadatheory–thenanowiresmightlastlongerifcoveredwithagel(凝胶).Sheandherteamtestedthistheory.“Itwasalongprocessandalotofwork,”Thaisaid.Theteamtriedmanycoveringsforthewires.PMMA,atypeofplastic,wasoneofthem.ThenanowireswerecoatedwithPMMAandcycledthroughcharges200,000times.ThePMMA-coatednanowiresshowednoevidenceofdamage.Theresultssuggestthatbatteriescouldlastforever,withoutlosingchargingability.Thaisaid200,000cyclesamounttoaboutthreemonthsonjustonedevice.

Thaihopestocontinueherresearchtounderstandwhythisgelworkssowellandtoseeifanyothergelcouldcreatebetterresults.MyaLeThaisaidsheisenjoyingthepublicityaboutherdiscovery.Shesaidsheneverexpectedherresearchtogetmediacoverage.“It’skindofcool,”shesaid.“I’mreallygladpeopleareshowinginterestinmyworkandnotjustintheworkitself,butalsointechnologyandenergy.”

32.WhatcausedThaitoworkonlithium-ionbatteries?

A.Shedislikedthebatteriesforherlaptop.

B.Shethoughtbatteriesweretooexpensive.

C.Shefoundthatbatteriesgraduallywearout.

D.Sheandherteamwereassignedtoinventanewbattery.

33.WhichofthefollowingsentencesisTRUEaboutnanowires?

A.Theylastonly7,000chargingcycles.

B.Theyaretooweaktocarryelectricity.

C.Theyarenotsuitabletouseinbatteries.

D.Theyarethemaincauseofbatterydegrading.

34.Thebreakthroughmaymostprobablyliein______.

A.anewkindofbattery B.coatingnanowiresingel

C.newmaterialsforbatteries D.anewwayofchargingbatteries

35.Whatmaybethebesttitleforthepassage?

A.Whybatteriesaredegrading B.Nanowirestryingonnewcoating

C.Nanowiresdiscoveredbyscientist D.Scientistinventslife-longbattery

第二节七选五(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项)

Whydoyougotothelibrary?Forbooks,yes—youlikebooksbecausetheytellstories.______36______Atonetypeoflibrary,youcanjustdothat–eventhoughthereisnotasinglebook.

AttheHumanLibrary,insteadofbooks,youcan“borrow”people._______37_______Foracertainamountoftime,youcanaskthemquestionsandlistentotheirstories,whichareasfascinatingasanythingyoucanfindinabook.Youcanspeakwitharefugee(难民),ahomelesspersonofawomanlivingwithHIV._______38_____Inotherwords,theHumanLibraryencouragespeopletochallengetheirownprejudice(偏见)--totrulygettoknowandlearnfromsomeonetheymightotherwisemakeanunfairjudgmentabout.

_____39_____RonniAbergel,hisbrotherDrayandsomecolleagueshostedafour-dayeventduringamajorNorthernEuropeanfestival,hopingtoraiseawarenessaboutviolenceamongyouth.Afterthesuccessofthisevent,AbergelsetuptheHumanLibraryOrganization,whichhasbeengrowingeversince.

Thestoriesthese"books"tellrangefromfascinatingtoheartbreakingandeverythinginbetween.Andthatistheverypointoftheorganization—toprovethatnopersoncanbesummedupinjustoneword.________40_______

A.Theirlifestoriesareonvarioustopics.

B.Peoplewithuniquelifestoriesvolunteertobethe“books”.

C.Here,difficultquestionsareexpected,appreciatedandanswered.

D.Itseekstoshowpeoplethatyoutrulycan’tjudgeabookbyitscover.

E.Youhopetobelostinastoryorbetransportedintosomeoneelse’slife.

F.Youdon’tneedalibrarycard–anyonecancomeandbepartoftheexperience.

G.TheHumanLibraryOrganizationwasfoundedinCopenhagen,Denmarkin2000.

第三部分语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题l.5分.满分30分).

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并标在答题卷的相应位置。

IhadjustarrivedinthisAsiancountryforaone-yearteachingposition.Oneday,Itookthesubwaytovisitsomeancientpalacesandtemplesinthedowntown.Thefollowingaccountofwhathappenedtomehastaughtmemuchaboutculture41.

Sinceallthe42weretaken,Istood.Suddenly,Ifeltsomeonepullingonmybag.43Iprobablywasinsomeone’sway,Imovedoverslightly.Butinonequickmotion,Ifeltmybagremovedfrommyback,andinaflashitwas44.Iturnedaroundtoseewhothethiefwas.Ilookedatthepeoplestandingbehindme,butdidn’tseemybagoranyone45.MyheartsankandIbeganto46.

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