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黑龙江省齐齐哈尔市2017-2018学年高二英语下学期期末统考试题(含解析)

第I卷

第一部分听力(共两节,满分30分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中给出的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试在的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1.Howlongwillthemanstayinthehotel?

A.FromJune12thto19th.B.FromJuly12thto19th.C.FromMarch12thto19th.

2.Whatwillthemandonext?

A.Washplates.B.Turnoffthewater.C.Cleanthefloor.

3.Whatiswrongwiththeman?

A.Hehasgotsick.B.Heistoostressed.C.Hewilllosehisjob.

4.WhatdidKatydolastSunday?

A.Sheplayedatennismatch.B.Sheenjoyedaconcert.C.Shewenttoacafe.

5.Whatwillthespeakerswatchtoday?

A.TheStorm.B.FootballStars.C.MotorbikeJourney.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各个小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话仅读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6.Whatshouldberenewed?

A.Thesheet.B.Thetowel.C.Thetoiletroll.

7.Whatwillthewomandonext?

A.Goandgetwhatthemanneeds.

B.Cleantheroom.

C.Makethebed.

听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

8.Wheredoestheconversationprobablylakeplace?

A.Atthelostandfound.B.Inaclothesshop.C.Byapool.

9.Whichistheman’ssweater?

A.Theonewithaprettypatternonit.

B.TheonewithaV-neck.

C.Theonemadeofcotton.

听第8段回答第10至12题。

10.Whatarethespeakersdiscussing?

A.Whethertorenewapassport.

B.Howtoapplyforapassport.

C.Whentogetthepassport.

11.WhatisUNNECESSARYwhenrenewingapassport?

A.TheIDcard.B.Theapplicationfee.C.Theapplicationform.

12.WhyisthemantravelingtotheUK?

A.Tomeethisboss.

B.Toenjoyaholiday.

C.Todealwithbusinessmatters.

听第9段材料,回答第13至16小题。

13.Wherearethespeakers?

A.IntheUK.B.InCanada.C.InSpain.

14.WhendopeopleinCanadausuallyhavedinner?

A.Inthemid-afternoon.B.IntheearlyeveningD.Inthelateevening.

15.WhattransportationcanonetakeatmidnightintheUK?

A.Buses.B.Trains.C.Taxis.

16.Howdoesthewomanfeelaboutbeingoutatnightinhertown?

A.Unsafe.B.Fun.C.Silly.

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

17.Whichwordcanbestdescribetheweatherinthiscountry?

A.Pleasant.B.Changeable.C.Freezing.

18.WhendidChloefirstphotographstorms?

A.Whenshewasachild.

B.Whenshewasatuniversity.

C.Whenshelookherfirstjob.

19.Whatisthemostimportantforgettinggoodpicturesoflightning?

A.Buyingamodemcamera.

B.Figuringoutthebesttime.

C.Findingaproperplace.

20.WhichisthebestplaceforChloelolakepicturesoflightning?

A.Thecountryside.B.Herflat.C.Thehills.

第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题,每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。

WhenmentioningChina,whatcomestomind?Asacountrywithahistoryofmorethan5000years,Chinaisrichincivilizationandculture.WhatbestrepresentsChina?

Confucius(551BC-479BC)

ConfuciuswasateacherandphilosopherfromtheSpringandAutumnPeriodofChinesehistory.ThephilosophyofConfuciusstressesindividualmoralityincludingkindness,fairness,politeness,andsincerity.Confucius’principleshaveabroadbasisincommonChinesetraditionandbelief.

Dragon

Adragonisalegendarycreature,typicallywithwindingorcrawlingcharacters.ThedragonsymbolisfrequentlyusedonancientChineseemperor’sitemsincludingchairsorcostumes.Itisconsideredarepresentationofpower.

PekingOpera

PekingOperaisconsideredtheessenceofChina.AsthelargerformofChineseopera,ithasmany“firsts”inChinesedramas:theabundanceoftalents,thenumberofartists,operagroupsandaudience.

TheGreatWall

Thereisanoldsayingthatgoes.“HewhohasneverbeentotheGreatWallisnotatrueman.”TheGreatWall,oneofthegreatestwondersoftheworld,isadestinationonemustseewhenvisitingChina.

TraditionalChineseMedicine(TCM)

DevelopedinChina,TCMhasatraditiondatingbacktomorethan2,000years,includingvariousformsofherbalmedicine,cupping,massage,exercise(Qigong),anddietarytherapy.

1.WhatdoweknowaboutConfuciusaccordingtothepassage?

A.Hediedattheageof72.

B.Heputstressonteamworkspirits.

C.HewasateacherintheWaningStalesPeriod.

D.HecreatedcommonChinesetraditionandbelief.

2.Whichofthefollowingisregardedassymbolofpower?

A.Confucius.B.Dragon.C.PekingOpera.D.TheGreatWall.

3.WhatmustyoudowhencomingtoChinaaccordingtothepassage?

A.LearntoexerciseQigong.B.AppreciatePekingOpera.

C.PayavisittotheGreatWall.D.Experiencethetreatmentofcupping.

4.Whatisprobablythebesttitleofthispassage?

A.CulturalSymbolsofChina.B.RichinCivilizationandCulture.

C.FamousPeopleandPlacesinChina.D.OneoftheGreatestoftheWorld.

【答案】1.D2.B3.C4.C

【解析】文章主要介绍了中国有代表性的人和物,如孔子、龙、京剧、长城和传统中医。

1.D

细节推理题。根据Confucius中的Confucius’principleshaveabroadbasisincommonChinesetraditionandbelief.可知孔子创造了中国的传统和信仰,故选D.

2.B

细节推理题。根据Dragon中的Itisconsideredarepresentationofpower.可知龙被认为是权力的象征,故选B.

3.C

细节推理题。根据TheGreatWall中的TheGreatWall,oneofthegreatestwondersoftheworld,isadestinationonemustseewhenvisitingChina.可知长城是世界奇迹之一,来中国必须要参观的是长城,故选C.

4.C

主旨大意题。文章主要介绍的是孔子、龙、京剧、长城和传统中医,这些都是中国有代表性的人和物,故选C.

【名师点睛】

主旨大意题的解题思路与应试技巧?

做这类题时常用略读法。快速阅读文章找出各个段落的主题句。把各个段落的主题句联系起来着眼于全文结构安排,了解文章的重心,就能概括出文章的中心。文章的标题是中心思想最精炼的表达形式,选择的标题意义范围要能涵盖全文,不能太大也不能太校命题者在出这类题时,常常利用生活常识编造干扰项,把文中的细节当主旨,利用局部信息编造干扰项,编制超出文章范围的标题或不能涵盖文章中心意义的标题来考查考生的理解程度,考生要特别留意。

....................................

InmybagIalwayscarrythesameessentialitems:mykeys,mypurse,someloosechange,mymobilephoneandmylittlebluevocabularynotebook.ThisyearIamlivingabroadinGermanyandIamtryingtolearnasmuchGermanaspossible.IalwaysknewthatlivingabroadwouldbeagreatwaytolearnaforeignlanguagebutonethingIdidn’trealizewashowmanynewwordsandphrasesIwouldcomeacrosseveryday!Iseeandhearnewwordseverywhere;theannouncementsinthetrainstation;menusincafes;onsocialmedia;onthelocalnewspaperandofcoursefrommyGerman-speakingfriends.

AtfirstIwasslightlyupsetbythelargeamountsofGermanIdidn’tunderstand.SpeakingGermaninGermanyisdefinitelyverydifferentfromthatintheclassroom;IkeptonlookingupnewwordsandbytheendofthedayIhadforgottenmostofthemalready.Itwasveryfrustrating.AfteramonthofworryingthatIwouldneverbeabletoimprovemylanguageskills,Iwenttothestationeryshopandboughtasmallnotebookwhicheasilyfitintomyhandbagorevenintomybackpocket!Isetmyselfthegoalofwritingfivenewwordsorphrasesadayintomylittlebluebookandsoonenoughitbecameoneofmymostvaluablelanguage-learningtools.

Idon’thaveanyrulesaboutwhichwordsIwritedown.MostdaysIwritedownwordsthatIlearnfrommycolleaguesatwork,wordsthatIdon’tunderstandinreadingorwordsthatIhavelearnedfromseeingthemincontext.Forexample,Ihavelearnedthenamesofmanyfruitsandvegetablesfromlookingattheirlabelsinthesupermarket(averyunexpectedsourceofvocabulary!)andIhavelearnedmanywordsthatIhaveheardonTVorontheradio.Itdoesn’tevenmatterifIknowhowtospellanewwordstraightaway.IfIhearawordbutIdon’tknowhowtospellit,IwritedownhowIthinkitsoundsandlookituplater.

Mylittlebluevocabulary

thestreetisagoodwaytolearnalanguage.

C.Lifeisreallyhardforanyonetoliveinaforeigncountry.

D.Theauthorisskilledinlearningasecondlanguage.

6.Whatwastheauthor’sresponsewhenfacingdifficulty?

A.Hefelthelplessandhopeless.B.Hewasterrified.

C.Hedidn’tlakeanegativeattitude.D.Hesetahighgoalforhimself.

7.Whatwordswilltheauthorputdowninthenotebook?

A.Thewordsthathisteacherexplainedinclasses.

B.Hehasnorulesaboutwhichwordstowritedown.

C.Heaskedhisfriendstotellnewwordsandphrases.

D.Thewordshenoticedintheshoporsupermarkets.

8.Whatdoestheunderlinedword“it”inParagraph2referto?

A.LearningGerman.B.Myexperience.C.Thehandbag.D.Mynotebook.

【答案】5.A6.C7.C8.D

【解析】作者通过亲身经历给我们介绍了一种利用随身笔记本每天记录单词,记忆单词的好方法。

5.A

推理判断题。根据第一段Iseeandhearnewwordseverywhere;theannouncementsinthetrainstation;menusincafes;onsocialmedia;onthelocalnewspaperandofcoursefrommyGerman-speakingfriends.可知在国外,作者到处都能见到新单词,故选A.

6.C

推理判断题。根据第二段IkeptonlookingupnewwordsandbytheendofthedayIhadforgottenmostofthemalready.和Isetmyselfthegoalofwritingfivenewwordsorphrasesadayintomylittlebluebookandsoonenoughitbecameoneofmymostvaluablelanguage-learningtools.可知遇到新单词作者坚持查词典,为自己学新词语制定目标,由此推断作者是以积极的态度学习语言,不是消极态度。故选C.

7.C

细节推理题。根据第三段MostdaysIwritedownwordsthatIlearnfrommycolleaguesatwork,wordsthatIdon’tunderstandinreadingorwordsthatIhavelearnedfromseeingthemincontext.可知作者每天记录从同事那里学到的不明白的或从课文中学到的词语,故选C.

8.D

猜测词义题。划线单词的句意:我给自己定目标每天记录5个词语写在小蓝本上,很快小蓝本就成了我最宝贵的语言学习工具。句中的it指蓝色笔记本,故选D.

【名师点睛】

推理判断题的常见考查形式及解题方法:

推理判断题包括判断和推理题。这两类题常常相互依存,推理是为了做出正确的判断,正确的判断又依赖于合乎逻辑的推理。此类题要求在理解表面文字的基础上,做出判断和推论,从而得到文章的隐含的意思和深层的意思,也就是通过文章中的文字信息,上下逻辑关系及事物的发展变化等已知的信息,推断出作者没有直接表达的态度和观点。

本文主要考查推测文章的观点或结论。比如小题1考查Whatcanweconcludefromthefirstparagraph?根据第一段Iseeandhearnewwordseverywhere;theannouncementsinthetrainstation;menusincafes;onsocialmedia;onthelocalnewspaperandofcoursefrommyGerman-speakingfriends.可知在国外作者到处都能见到新单词。小题2考查作者对待困难的态度,根据第二段IkeptonlookingupnewwordsandbytheendofthedayIhadforgottenmostofthemalready.和Isetmyselfthegoalofwritingfivenewwordsorphrasesadayintomylittlebluebookandsoonenoughitbecameoneofmymostvaluablelanguage-learningtools.可知遇到新单词作者坚持查词典,为自己学新词语制定目标,由此推断作者是以积极的态度学习语言,不是消极态度。

Withfreezingtemperaturesontheway,nowitisthetimetotakestepstoprotectyourfour-leggedfamilymembersfromthecold,wetweatherSanAntoniowintersoftenbring.Withafewsimplemeasures,youcanensureyourpetsstayhappyandhealthythroughoutwinter.

Whatisthebestwaytoprotectyourpetsduringfreezingcoldweather?Bringtheminside.Pets(especiallycats)aresaferindoors.Can’thaveyourpetsinsidethehouse?Purchaseadoghouseorgiveyourpetasafe,warmplacetorest.

Certainpetsaremorevulnerable(易受伤害的)tocoldtemperaturesthanothers.Short-haireddogs,veryyoungorolddogsandallcatsshouldnotbeleftoutsideduringwintermonths.Short-haireddogsmaybenefitfromasweaterwhileoutside.

Petsthatspendmuchoftheirdayoutdoorswillneedsomeextrafoodthroughoutthewintermonths.That’sbecausetheyuseupmoreenergytryingtostaywarm.Afewextrakibblesprobablywon’thurtbutmakesureyourpetsaregettingdailyexerciseifthey.reeasytogainweight.Alwaysprovidefresh,cleanwaterregardlessoftheseason.Cheekwaterdailyandcleanbowlsregularly.

Bemindfulofyourpetswhilewinterizingyourcar.Antifreeze(防冻剂)isdeadlytopetsthatareattractedtoitssweettaste.Storeallchemicalsoutofreach,especiallyifaregoingtobringyourpetsintothegarageoncoldnights.Itisnecessarytowarmupthecarbeforeyouheadoutwithyourpet.Awarmenginecanbeawelcomespotforacoldcatandthenoiseshouldscarethemawaybeforeyourstarttheengine.

SanAntonio’sAnimalCareServiceswantstoremindpeoplethattheCityofSunAntoniohaslawsthatprotectpetsfromneglect,includingexposuretofreezingweatherconditions.AnimalCareServicewarnsthatifyoufindanypetaroundbeingleftinthefreezingcoldweather,youcancalltheCity’s311CustomerServiceline.

9.Ifyouhaveashort-haireddog,you’dbetterinwinter.

A.keepitinsideallthetimeB.keepitcompany

C.dressitinasweaterD.paymoreattentiontoit

10.Whatdoestheunderlinedword“kibbles”Paragraphthat.

A.WorkoutsB.SignsC.PetfoodD.Dogtips

11.Wecanlearnfromthefifthparagraphthat.

A.PetsneedmorewaterinwinterB.Petsarealwaysbeingcurious

C.ChemicalssendanattractivesmellD.It’sbetternottotakepetsinthecar

12.Itcanbeconcludedfromthepassagethat.

A.AnimalCareServiceofferstipstoprotectpetsinwinter

B.Whoeverabusespetswillbesentencedtoprison

C.Manypetscan’tsurvivethefreezingwinter

D.SanAntonioseesnumbersofhomelesspets

【答案】9.A10.C11.C12.A

【解析】文章就冬季如何给宠物保暖提了一些有效的建议。

9.A

细节推理题。根据第三段Short-haireddogs,veryyoungorolddogsandallcatsshouldnotbeleftoutsideduringwintermonths.Short-haireddogsmaybenefitfromasweaterwhileoutside.可知在冬天短毛动物最好呆在家里保暖,故选A.

10.C

猜测词义题。此处指一些额外的食物能确保你容易增重的宠物每天都做运动,此处“kibbles”指动物食物,与Petfood同义,故选C.

11.C

推理判断题。根据第五段Bemindfulofyourpetswhilewinterizingyourcar.Antifreeze(防冻剂)isdeadlytopetsthatareattractedtoitssweettaste.可知防冻液等有甜美的味道会吸引宠物,故选C.

12.A

推理判断题。根据AnimalCareServicewarnsthatifyoufindanypetaroundbeingleftinthefreezingcoldweather,youcancalltheCity’s311CustomerServiceline.可知AnimalCareService提供冬天保护动物的建议,故选A.

Asanyparentknowstoowell,sometimesalittlewhitelieistheonlywaytomakeanaughtychildquid.Indeed,parentshavesharedthetopwhiteliesthey’vetoldtheirchildren.Whilesomeofthemareamusing,othersaresomewhatcruel.

“FatherChristmasiswatchingyou,”“Carrotswillmakeyouseeinthedark”and“Yourpethasgonetoliveonafarm”areamongthetopwhileliesparentstelltheirchildren.Thetop20listoflittleliesthatadultsuseshowsthatfourinfiveparentshavetoldtheirchildrensomethingthatisn’ttrue.ThethreatofFatherChristmasisonthetop,with62percentofparentsemployingSt.Nicktokeeptheirkidstindercontrol.Thesecondonthelistis:“We’llsee”,whichanylittleoneknowsreallymeans“no”.

ThemajorityofBritishpeoplesaythattheylietotheirchildrentoprotecttheirinnocence,tosavethemfrombeingupsetortostopthembehavingbadly.Thetopwhilelietoldtokidsabouttheirpetsis“yourpethastoliveonafarminthecountryside”,whichisemployedafteronediesorhasgonemissing.Onaverage,parentsthinkthatchildrenarereadytostartlearningaboutdeathattheageofsevenandahalf.

One62-year-oldrecalledthatwhenhewasfour,hiscatranaway,becauseitkepthavingitstailpulled.Itwas53yearslaterthatitwasrevealedthatthecathadactuallybeengivenawaytostopitfromscratchingthefurniture.Onerespondent(应答者)saidthathestillrememberedthatwhenhewasyoung,hebelievedhisfather’sstatementthattheentireworldusedtobeinblackandwhitebeforecolourphotographycamealong.

FortypercentofparentssaythattheywoulddefinitelylietotheirchildrentokeepuptheirbeliefinFatherChristmas,andoverhallsaythey’dcertainlytellthetruthaboutapetdying.However,oneintenparentssaythey’vereplacedt

eintheworld

14.WhatcanweconcludefromParagraph4?

A.Childrendon’tunderstandwhytheirparentstellwhitelies.

B.Parents’whiteliesmaydoharmtotheirchildren.

C.Childrendon’treallymindtheirparents’whitelies.

D.Parents’whiteliesmayleaveadeepimpressionontheirchildren

15.Whatisthemainideaofthelastparagraph?

A.Parents’differentunderstandingsofwhilelies.

B.Parents’differentattitudestotellingwhitelies.

C.Parents’differentworriesaboutwhitelies.

D.Parents’differentwhitelies.

【答案】13.D14.A15.B

【解析】文章分析了父母在孩子儿时说的善意的谎言的内容、作用、对孩子的深远影响和现在父母对此不同的态度。

13.A

推理判断题。许多父母用“FatherChristmasiswatchingyou,”来使淘气的孩子变安静,并且一直延用有效表明一些孩子从内心害怕和崇敬圣诞老人,故选A.

14.A

推理判断题。第四段的例子说明:一个62岁的老人父母在他4岁时说的善意的谎言,他53年后才知道了事情的真相;另一个例子孩子小时候父亲告诉他世界完全是黑白色的,直到彩色照片出现前他一直以为父亲说的是对的。这两个例子说明父母的谎言会给孩子留下很深的印象,故选A.

15.B

主旨大意题。根据最后一段Fortypercentofparentssaythattheywoulddefinitelylietotheirchildrentokeepuptheirbelief…,overhalfsaythey’dcertainlytellthetruth和oneintenparentssaythey’vereplacedtheirchildren’sdeadpet…可知本段主要在讲述父母对善意谎言的不同态度,故选B.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Whenyourfriendssuddenlystoptalkingtoyou,itcanleaveyouconfusedonwhattodonext.___16___However,basically,yourfriendsareeitherreallyupsetwithyou,orithasnothingtodowithyouatall.Buthowcanyoutell?What’smore,whatshouldyoudo?

Findoutiftheyhaveshutalltheirfriendsoutorjustyou.It’simportanttofigureoutifyourfriendshavemovedonfromeveryone,orjustyou.Ifit’sjustyou,thenyouprobablydidsomethingatsomepoint.___17___Theytrytogettheirforgiveness.

Reflectonyourself.Haveyourfriendsbeenupsetwithyouforawhile?Wouldyougetitiftheywere?Notallpeopleyellorscreamwhenthey’reupset.___18___Ifyoufailtohearexactlywhatthey’resaying,oryoukeepdoingthesamethingoverandoveragain,theymaymoveonandcompletelyshutyouout.

Communicateinadifferentway.There’salwaysthepossibilitythatyourfriendshaven’tshutyououtcompletely,buttheyareboredwithacertainformofcommunication,liketextingorchattingonline.___19___Ifso,tryingadifferentmethodtoreachyourfriendscouldmakethingsbetter.

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