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“2017-2018学年河南省南阳市高三英语上学期期末考试试题”由人教版教师资源网精心整理,注册即可下载!

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河南省南阳市2018届高三英语上学期期末考试试题

第Ⅰ卷(选择题,共100分)

第一部分听力(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共5个小题,每小题1.5分.满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1.What’stheweatherlikenow?

A.Sunny B.Windy C.Warm

2.Howmuchwouldthemanpayifhebuysfourtiestoday?

A.$30 B.$108 C.$120

3.Wherearethespeakers?

A.Inahotel B.Atadinnertable C.Intheman’shouse

4.Whatisthewoman?

A.Areporter B.Ateacher C.Astudent

5.Whatmoviedidthemanprobablywatchlastnight?

A.Airheads B.PearlHarbor C.Titanic

第二节(每小题15分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对白或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6.HowmuchdidthemanlistentothenewsfromChina?

A.Onceaweek. B.Almosteveryday. C.Everythreedays.

7.Whatistheman’sdifficultyinlearningChinese?

A.ReadingChinesebooks. B.SpeakingChinese.

C.UnderstandingChineseradio.

听下面一段对话,回答第8和题。

8.WhatdidLindadoaftertheparty?

A.Shetypedapaper. B.Shevisitedheruncle. C.Shestudiedhistory.

9.WhywasLindasonervous?

A.Shedidn’thavemuchsleep. B.Shewasworriedabouthermother

C.Shethoughtherpapermightbelate.

听下面一段对话,回答第10至12题。

10.Wherewasthemanborn?

A.InPhiladelphia B.InSpringfield. C.InKansas.

11.Whatdidthemanlikedoingwhenhewasachild?

A.Drawing. B.Traveling. C.Reading.

12.Whatinspiresthemanmost?

A.Education. B.Familylove. C.Nature.

听下面一段对话,回答第13至16题。

13.Whendoesthewomangototherestaurant?

A.Intheearlymorning. B.Inthemiddleofthemorning. C.Atnoon.

14.Whatdoesthewomanlikemeetabouttherestaurant?

A.Thequietenvironment. B.Thecheapfood. C.Thegoodservice.

15.Whatdoesthemanalwayshaveforlunch?

A.Pancakes. B.Fishpie. C.Sausages.

16.Whatdoesthemansayabouthisfavoriterestaurant?

A.Ifsnewandclean. B.Itsfoodistastyandcheap. C.Itoftenattractsfilmstars.

听下面一段独白,回答第17至20题。

17.Whatarcpeoplelikenowadaysaccordingtothespeaker?

A.Theyaretoolazytocook. B.Theypreferfastfood.

C.Theyarealwaysinahurry.

18.Whatdomostpeoplewanttodo?

A.Enjoyhome-madedisheswithfamilies. B.Eatoutmorewithfriends.

C.StartfoodbusinessontheInternet.

19.Whatdoesthespeakeradvisepeopletodo?

A.Buyacomputerintheirneighborhood. B.Cookhealthymealsathome.

C.Orderfoodonline.

20.Whatkindoftalkisthespeakergiving?

A.Alectureonfoodandhealth. B.Anadvertisementforafoodwebsite.

C.Aspeechonthedevelopmentofcooking.

第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列4篇短文,从每题所给四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Doyouhavecoldfeetinwinter?ButnowifyouwearapairofUggboots,youwon’tbetroubledbythat.

UGGmeansAustralianSheepskinBoots.UGGbootsbecamepopularamongshearers(剪羊毛的人)inthe1920s.Theshearersshearedthesheepandgrabbedabitofdeadsheep,wrappeditaroundtheirfeetandcalledthem“UglyBoots”.GoodoldAustralianslangshortenedShearersUglyBootstoUGGboots.ThusUGGBootsdatebackasfarasthe1920sinAustralia.

Uggbootsbecamesopopularbecauseoftheamazingamountofcomforttheybringtothefeel.Thesheepskinismadeincrediblysoftsothebootsarewarmandcomfortable.Uggbootsfedmorelikesocksthanshoes,yettheyaretoughenoughforoutdoorwear.Theunique,woolfool-bedslaketheshapeofthenaturaledgeofeachwearer’sfeet,creatingpersonalizedarch(弓形)supports.

OuruggbootsarehandmadewithAustraliansheepskinofthehighestqualitybyourfactoryofUggOriginalPtyLtd.

Wecanalsowearuggbootsincoldweatherorsummer.Incoldweather,thethickwoolofuggbootsprovidesapreventinglayerofwarmthbytrappingyourbodyheat.Intheheatofsummer,thenaturalfibresofthewoolwillactuallycoolyourfeetbyabsorbingsweat.Uggbootsaremadetobewornbarefoottomaximizethecushioningandwarmthprovidedbythesheepskin.

Whynotpickupyourphoneandcontactusrightnowatwww.uggoriginal.com.au.?

21.WhomadethefirstpairofUggbootsaccordingtothepassage?

A.Shearers. B.Travelers. C.Workers. D.Campers.

22.WhichofthefollowingwordscanbeusedtodescribetheUggboots?

A.Uglyandhard B.Comfortableandwarn.

C.Strongandwarm D.Lightandtough

23.Thepurposeofwritingthepassageisto________.

A.persuade B.advertise C.inform D.instruct

Iserveasaneducatorandhealthcareprovideraswell,therefore,IhaveworkedwithnumerouschildreninfectedwiththevirusthatcausesAIDS.TherelationshipsthatIhavehadwiththesespecialkidshavebeengiftsinmylife.Theyhavetaughtmesomanythings,butIhaveespeciallylearnedthatgreatcouragecanbefoundinthesmallestofpackages.LetmetellyouaboutTyler.

TylerwasborninfectedwithHIV:hismotherwasalsoinfected.Fromtheverybeginningofhislife,hewasdependentonmedicationstoenablehimtosurvive.Whenhewasfive,hehadatubesurgicallyinsertedinaveininhischest.Thistubewasconnectedtoapump,whichhecarriedinasmallbackpackonhisback.Medicationswerehookeduptothispumpandwerecontinuouslysuppliedthroughthistubetohisbloodstream.Attimes,healsoneededsupplementedoxygentosupporthisbreathing.

Tylerwasn’twillingtogiveuponesinglemomentofhischildhoodtothisdeadlydisease.Itwasnotunusualtofindhimplayingandracingaroundhisbackyard,wearinghismedicine-ladenbackpackanddragginghistankofoxygenbehindhiminhislittlewagon.AllofuswhoknewTylermarveledathispurejoyinbeingaliveandtheenergyitgavehim.Tyler’smomoftenteasedhimbytellinghimthathemovedsofastthatsheneededtodresshiminred.Thatway,whenshepeeredthroughthewindowtocheckonhimplayingintheyard,shecouldquicklyspothim.

Thisdreadeddiseaseeventuallyworedowneventhelikesofalittledynamo(精力充沛的人)likeTyler.Hegrewquiteilland,unfortunately,sodidhisHIV-infectedmother.Whenitbecameapparentthathewasn’tgoingtosurvive,Tyler’smomtalkedtohimaboutdeath.ShecomfortedhimbytellingTylerthatshewasdyingtoo,andthatshewouldbewithhimsooninheaven.

Afewdaysbeforehisdeath,Tylerbeckonedmeovertohishospitalbedandwhispered,“Imightdiesoon.I’mnotscared.WhenIdie,pleasedressmeinred.Mompromisedshe’scomingtoheaven,too.I’llbeplayingwhenshegetsthere,andIwanttomakesureshecanfindme.”

24.Whatistheboy’stroubleafterhisbirthaccordingtothepassage?

A.Beingdeaf B.Beingblind.

C.BeinginfectedwithHIV D.Beingdisabled.

25.Whydoestheauthorthinktherelationshipswiththechildrenaregifts?Becausehe________.

A.madefriendswiththechildren B.wasdeeplymoved

C.leanedagreatdealfromthem D.hodalotofsympathyforthem

26.Whatdoweknowfromthepassage?

A.Theboycouldnotbreathe. B.Theboyhadtroublewithbreath.

C.Theboystoppedbreathingattimes. D.Theboybreathedsmoothly.

27.Whichofthefollowmightserveasapossibletitleforthispassage?

A.Motherandson B.Acaringmother

C.Dyinginred D.Myunusualprofession

“Sugar,alcoholandtobacco,”economistAdamSmithoncewrote,“arecommoditieswhicharenowherenecessariesoflife,whichhavebecomeobjectsofalmostuniversalconsumption,andwhichare,therefore,extremelypopularsubjectsoftaxation.”

Twoandahalfcenturieson,mostcountriesimpose(征税)sortoftaxonalcoholandtobacco.Withobesitylevelsputtingincreasingpressureonpublichealthsystems,governmentsaroundtheworldhavebeguntotoywiththeideaoftaxingsugaraswell.

Whethersuchtaxesworkisamatterofdebate.ApreliminaryreviewofMexico’staxationfoundafallinpurchasesoftaxeddrinksaswellasariseinsalesofuntaxedandhealthierdrinks.Bycontrast,aDanishtaxonfoodshighinfatswasabandonedayearafteritsintrod

adesomeeffortstoimprovethequalityofitsofferings.Forexample,somedrinkmanufactureshavecuttheamountofsugarintheirbeverages(饮料).

Manyofthereductionsoverthepast30yearshavebeenachievedeitherbyreducingtheamountofsugar,saltorfatinaproduct,orbyfindinganalternativeingredient.Morerecently,however,somecompanieshavebeeninvestingmoneyinamoreambitiousundertaking:learninghowtoadjustthefundamentalmake-upofthefoodtheysell.Forexample,havingsaltontheoutside,butnoneontheinside,reducesthesaltcontentwithoutchangingthetaste.

Whilereformulating(再制定)recipesisonewaytoimprovepublichealth,itshouldbepartofamultisided(多边的)approach.Thekeyistorememberthatthereisnotjustonesolution.Todealwithobesity,amixtureofapproaches,whichincludereformulation,taxationandadjustingportionsizes,willbeneeded.Thereisnosilverbullet.

28.WhatdowelearnaboutDanishtaxationonfat-richfoods?

A.Itmetwithfirmoppositionfromthefoodindustry.

B.Itbroughtalotofproblemsontheborder.

C.ItcouldnotsucceedwithoutGermancooperation.

D.Itdidnotworkoutaswellaswasexpected.

29.Whatdoestheunderlinedpart“silverbullet”inthelastparagraphmean?

A.Alongway.

B.Asingleeasyquickway.

C.Aeffectiveandhopefulsolution.

D.Asuccessfulbutcomplexsolution.

30.What’stheauthor’sattitudetoamultisidedapproachtotheproblem?

A.Indifferent B.Disapproving

C.Neutral D.Positive

Globalwarmingthreatenstoholdbackhumanprogress,andmakeunachievableallUNtargetstoreducepoverty,accordingtosomeoftheworld’sleadinginternationalanddevelopmentgroups.

Inareportpublishedtoday,Oxfam,Greenpeaceandothergroupssayrichgovernmentsmustimmediatelyaddressclimatechangetoavoideven“unbearablelevels”ofworldwidepoverty.

“Foodproduction,watersupplies,publichealthandpeople’slivelihoodsarealreadybeingdamagedandweakened,”thereportsays.“Thereisnoapproachpossible.Theworldmustmeetitscommitmentstoachievepovertyreductionandalsodealwithclimatechange,whicharecloselylinked.”

Thereport,whichdrawsonUNpredictionsoftheeffectsofclimatechangeinpoorcountriesoverthenext50years,sayspoorcountrieswillexperiencemoreflooding,decliningfoodproduction,morediseaseandtheextinctionofentireeco-systemsonwhichmanyoftheworld’spoorestpeopledepend.

“Climatechangeneedstobeaddressednow.Thepoorwillbearthegreatconsequenceofit.Thefrontlineexperienceofmanyofusworkingininternationaldevelopmentindicatesthatcommunitiesarehavingtofightmoreextremeweatherconditions.”

Climatechangewillcausegreatdamagetoagricultureandwatersuppliesandwillincreasediseases.“By2025thenumberoftheworld’spopulationlivingincountriesofsignificantwaterstresswillalmostdouble,to6billionpeople.Tropical(热带的)andsub-tropicalareaswillbehardesthit—thosecountriesalreadysufferingfromfoodshortage”.

Poorcountriesmostlydonotneedhi-techsolutions,butwouldmostbenefitfromeducation,researchandbeingshownhowtofarmbetter.Thereportsaysuncheckedglobalwarming,morethanwarsorpoliticalupheaval(政变),willdisplacemillionsofpeopleandunsettlemanycountries.

32.WhichofthefollowingisNOTrelatedtoglobalwarmingaccordingtothepassage?

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