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语法填空解题技巧

英语组

张丽丽

一、真题分析

Yangshuo, China

It was raining lightly when I 61__ (arrive) in Yangshuo just before dawn. But I didn’t care. A few hours 62__, I’d been at home in Hong Kong, with 63___ (it) choking smog. Here, the air was clean and fresh, even with the rain.

I’d skipped nearby Guilin, a dream place for tourists seeking the limestone mountain tops and dark waters of the Li River 64____ are pictured by artists in so many Chinese 65____ (painting). Instead, I ‘d head straight for Yangshuo. For those who fly to Guilin, it’s only an hour away 66____ car and offers all the scenery of the better-known city.

Yangshuo 67____ (be) really beautiful. A study of travelers 68____ (conduct) by the website TripAdvisor names Yangshuo as one of the top 10 destinations in the world. And the town is fast becoming a popular weekend destination for people in Asia. Abercrombie & Kent, a travel company in Hong Kong, says it 69_____ (regular) arranges quick getaways here for people 70____ (live) in Shanghai and Hong Kong.

二、题型解读

一篇200字左右的短文或对话

5-7个空白根据给出单词的正确形式填空

3-5个根据上下文填写空白处所需内容

(不多于三个单词)

能力考查:

理解语篇、句子结构、

运用语法、单词拼写

三、命题揭秘

1、语法填空题—空格设计

2、数量分布

3、考点分布

.语法填空题—空格设计

纯空格

有提示词

给出了动词的试题

词类词义转换题

谓语动词,非谓语动词,

词类转换

名词,形容词,副词,

形容词或副词的比较级

或最高级

介词,连词,代词,冠词,

从句引导词,情态动词,

强调助动词等

数量分布

纯空格题:冠词一定会有一道;介词也会有一道或两道;人称代词或物主代词一道;关系代词或关系副词一道到两道;连词一道或零道(连接或者转折,转折的居多,考but或者however)。

提示题:动词一定会有一道或两道;形容词一定会有一道;数词(序数词和基数词的转化)一般最多一道;词类转换(动词变形容词形式或者变名词形式)一般会考一道。

根据此表,我们知道,语法填空的考点或考查内容是:(1)纯空格题:通常考 等四类词。一个空格只能填 个单词

(2)用括号中所给词填空:通常考 _____、_____________________________、________________等。一个空格可以填 个单词

冠词、介词、代词和连词

动词

形容词和副词的比较等级

词类转换

一到多

四、考点分析

Discuss with your group members about the following sentences, and try to figure out some similarities of the words we should fill in.

考点分析

语法填空以要求根据上下文填入一个以动词(verb)(或其适当形式)、名词(noun)、代词(pronoun)、冠词(article)、介词(prep.)、情态动词(modal verbs)、连词(conj)或引导词、形容词(adj.)和副词(adv.) 考查各项语法内容。

考点一:冠词

无提示词

名词之前

1. There once were a goat and a donkey…. So the farmer killed [40]__________ goat and gave the donkey medicine made from its heart. (07惠州一模)

2.When I see a child subject to this kind of pressure, I think of Donnie. He was [35]________ shy , nervous perfectionist. (08深圳二模)

the

a

考查语法点: 定冠词,不定冠词的用法

考点分析

[解题技巧]

下列情况很可能填 :

(1)________+可数名词(单数);

(2)________+形容词+可数名词(单数)。

下列情况下很可能填 :

(1)________ (+定语)+名词+ of等介词短语(表示特指);

(2)________ (+定语)+名词+定语从句(表示特指);

(3)________ (+定语)+名词+不定式短语或分词短语(表示特指)。

考点分析

不定冠词

定冠词

考点二:介词

无提示词:注意搭配问题

与名词相连构成介宾短语担任状语,补语等

与不及物动词构成动词短语接宾语

1. In short, I believe that it is [39]________ great use to keep a dairy in English… (07深二模)

2. When I took the money from her grandparents, I looked back [34]_________the girl, who was giving me the most optimistic, largest smile I had ever seen. (08深圳一模)

3. She found some good quality pipes_________ sale. (09广东)

of

at

考查语法点: 介词的基本用法及惯用搭配

考点分析

on

考点三:代词

无提示词

作主语用主格,作宾语用宾格,注意形容词词性和名词性物主代词的区别。

指示代词(it和this),不定代词,it用作引导词,反身代词等

考查语法点: 代词的基本用法

考点分析

1. She remembered how difficult _________ was to choose a suitable Christmas present for her father. (08广东)

2. When the time came for me to say goodbye to my friends in my village, I wanted to reward the old woman for the trouble I had caused _____ . (07广东)

3. It has been said before, but experiencing it myself has made _____ want to say it again: a smile…(09江门二模)

it

her

me

考点分析

[解题技巧]

因句子的主语或宾语主要由名词、代词、动名词或不定式等充当,而名词、动名词或不定式等实词通常会放在有提示词的空格中考查,所以纯空格所填词在句子中作主语或宾语时,通常填代词,包括人称代词、指示代词、不定代词、名词性物主代词、疑问代词、反身代词(不能作主语)等。在名词前作定语就只能用形容词性物主代词了。

考点四:连词或从句引导词

无提示词

两个主谓结构连接

1. Jane paused in front of a counter ______ some attractive ties were on display.(09广东)

2. One day, he came up with an idea _____ he would pluck up all of his crop a few inches.(08广东)

考查语法点: 各类复合句中连词,引导词的用法

考点分析

where

that

[解题技巧]

(1)连接两个功能对等的单词或短语时,应填并列连词and, or, but等。

(2)若两个句子(有两个主谓结构)之间,没有句号或分号,也没有连词,那空格处必定是填连接词,否则,句子结构就不完整。

根据两句之间的意义和逻辑关系,或者根据句式结构,确定是并列句(多要求考生填and, but, while, when, or等)还是某种主从复合句。然后根据各类从句的特点,结合连接词的意义和用法,确定填具体的某个连词。

考点分析

考点五:谓语动词

有提示词

与主语构成主谓结构

1. I was certain she would like it because I _______ (tell) by my classmates that she loved hot food.

2. His fear of failure ________ (keep) him from classroom games that other children played with joyous abandon.

3. Being too anxious to help an event develop often ________ (result) in the contrary to our intention.

was told

kept

考查语法点: 谓语动词的时态及语态, 及主谓一致

考点分析

results

考点六:非谓语动词

有提示词

除谓语动词以外的动词形式

1. We must also consider the reaction of the person [32]__________ (receive) the gift.

2. …I then noticed that I had just 10 minutes left ____________ (complete) the rest!

3. My pupils, Donnie [40]__________ (include), adored her.

receiving

to complete

included

考查语法点: 非谓语动词及变形的使用

考点分析

考点七:词性转换

有提示词

介词,冠词,所有格后接名词,形容词修饰名词,副词修饰形容词动词或整个句子

1. “Thirty-five cents,” she said [36]__________ (rude).

2. As far as I am concerned, my [37] ____________ (suggest) is that we should always have a notebook and a Chinese-English within easy reach.

3. This proverb is saying we have to let things go in their _______ (nature) course.

rudely

suggestion

考查语法点: 各类词性的正确使用及转化

考点分析

natural

考点八:形容词的级

有提示词

通常,有表示范围的in /of介词短语或形容词前有the时,一般要用最高级;than的前面一定要用比较级

One of the [33]__________ (bad) gift choices I ever made was for my high school English teacher…

2. Lucille Clifton is an award-winning poet and writer. Critics call her one of the _________ (great) writers of our time.(双语报)

worst

考点分析

greatest

五、总结提升

两种自我暗示

一、看到有无提示立马反应各自对应的考点大类

二、在做完大部分的题目之后,有些没有把握的题目则需要用排除法了,在数量上进行排除。

总结提升

一.根据句子结构,确定词性

动词

名词

形容词

副词

冠词

介词

连词

代词

词性

一般有

总结提升

二.根据上下文意义及语法,确定词形

冠词

定冠词,不定冠词

并列句及复合句

非谓语

非谓语动词 to do, doing, done 及变形

谓语动词的时态及语态, 及主谓一致

连词

介词

介词的常用用法及词组搭配

词性变化

词汇, 构词法

谓语动词

代词

人称代词,物主代词,不定代词,指示代词,反身代词

根据语义, 确定词形

分析句子,确定词性

解题四步走

提示:四步走归根到底其实就是寻找依据.每一个语法填空的空格里所需的单词或短语其实都可以在所在的句子中或者上下文中找到它的依据

通读全文,理解大意

总结提升

检查搭配, 前后连贯

Yangshuo, China

It was raining lightly when I 61____________ (arrive) in Yangshuo just before dawn. But I didn’t care. A few hours 62________________, I’d been at home in Hong Kong, with 63__________ (it) choking smog. Here, the air was clean and fresh, even with the rain.

I’d skipped nearby Guilin, a dream place for tourists seeking the limestone mountain tops and dark waters of the Li River 64___________ are pictured by artists in so many Chinese 65__________ (painting). Instead, I ‘d head straight for Yangshuo. For those who fly to Guilin, it’s only an hour away 66__________ car and offers all the scenery of the better-known city.

Yangshuo 67__________(be) really beautiful. A study of travelers 68__________(conduct) by the website TripAdvisor names Yangshuo as one of the top 10 destinations in the world. And the town is fast becoming a popular weekend destination for people in Asia. Abercrombie & Kent, a travel company in Hong Kong, says it 69______________(regular) arranges quick getaways here for people 70_________ (live) in Shanghai and Hong Kong.

Yangshuo, China

It was raining lightly when I 61____________ (arrive) in Yangshuo just before dawn. But I didn’t care. A few hours 62________________, I’d been at home in Hong Kong, with 63__________ (it) choking smog. Here, the air was clean and fresh, even with the rain.

I’d skipped nearby Guilin, a dream place for tourists seeking the limestone mountain tops and dark waters of the Li River 64___________ are pictured by artists in so many Chinese 65__________ (painting). Instead, I ‘d head straight for Yangshuo. For those who fly to Guilin, it’s only an hour away 66__________ car and offers all the scenery of the better-known city.

Yangshuo 67__________(be) really beautiful. A study of travelers 68__________(conduct) by the website TripAdvisor names Yangshuo as one of the top 10 destinations in the world. And the town is fast becoming a popular weekend destination for people in Asia. Abercrombie & Kent, a travel company in Hong Kong, says it 69______________(regular) arranges quick getaways here for people 70_________ (live) in Shanghai and Hong Kong.

arrived

earlier/ before

its

which/that

paintings

by

is

conducted

regularly

living

61. 谓语动词

62. 副词

63. 代词

64. 引导词

65. 名词

66. 介词

67. 谓语动词

68. 非谓语动词

69. 副词

70. 非谓语动词

arrived

earlier/ before

its

which/that

paintings

by

is

conducted

regularly

living

61. 谓语动词

62. 副词

63. 代词

64. 引导词

65. 名词

66. 介词

67. 谓语动词

68. 非谓语动词

69. 副词

70. 非谓语动词

1. 纯空格试题(62、64、66)

2. 给出了动词的试题(61、67、68、70)

3. 词类转换题(63、65、69)

三个解题思路

命题探究

学习建议:

1、掌握单词、词组

2、懂得分析句子结构

3、多听、多说、多读、多写,增强语感

When I was growing up I do not recall hearing the words “I love you” from my father. When your father never says ________ to you when you are a child, it gets tougher and tougher for him _______(say) those words as he gets ______(old). To tell you the truth, I could not honestly remember _______ I had last said those words to him either. I decided to set my ago aside and make the first move. __________ some hesitation, in our next phone conversation I blurted out the words, “Dad… I love you!”

Pasage Practice

them

to say

older

After

when

There was a silence at the _______ end and he ___________(awkward)replied, “Well, same back at you!”

I laughed and said, “Dad, I know you love me, and when you are ready, I know you _________(say) what you want to say”

will say

awkwardly

other

A few weeks later, Dad concluded our phone conversation ________ the words, “Paul, I love you.” I was at work during this conversation and the tears were rolling down my cheeks _____________ I finally “heard” the love. As we both sat there in tears we realized that this special moment had taken out father-son relationship to a new level.

as/because

with

Thanks a lot!

相关资源

外研版选修十一英语目录

Module 1 The Boston Tea Party

Module 2 The Long Walk to Freedom

Module 3 Ernest Hemingway

Module 4 Sherlock Holmes

Module 5 The Last Laugh

Module 6 The United Nations

Module 7 Revision

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