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内容介绍

WELCOME!

Step1:Lead--in

(1)理解语篇和段落主旨大意;

(2)理解文中具体信息;

(3)根据上下文提供的语境推测生词词义;

(4)作出简单的判断和推理;

(5)理解文段的基本结构;

(6)理解作者的观点,意图和态度;

(7)识别不同文体特征;

(8)理解文段的文化信息

How to get the main idea of a passage?

2012年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试 湖南卷考试说明

阅读要求考生读懂简易的文学作品,科普文章,公告,说明,以及书,报,杂志中关于一般性话题的简短文章,并回答相关问题。考生应能:

Step 2: Let’s explore !

Please underline the topic sentences of passage 1-3 .

Passage1

? English is clearly an international language. It is spoken by pilots and airport control operators on all the airways of the world. Over 70 percent of the world's radio programs are in English.

The topic sentence is the first sentence.

Passage 2

Some students prefer a strict teacher who tells them exactly what to do. Others prefer to be left to work on their own. Still others like a democratic discussion type of class. Not a single teaching method can be devised to satisfy all students at the same time.

The topic sentence is the last sentence .

Passage 3

Life in 2035 will be different from what it is today. For one thing, you will sleep later because your job will start later in the morning. Too, machines will do most of your routine work for you. Also, you will travel to work on a moving sidewalk. Furthermore, you will talk to your friends on a picture telephone. Finally, you will take longer vacations in more distant places since transportation will be so much faster and cheaper. Certainly all of us can look forward to many new advantages in the coming 30 years.

The topic sentences are at both the beginning and the end of a passage.

Step 2: Let’s explore !

Please look for the topic sentences of passage 4-5 and choose the best answer.

Discuss in teams,

share your ideas,

please!

Passage 4

If you were planning to buy a television set, the following advertisement would certainly draw your attention: “Color TV. Only $79. Two days sale. Hurry.” However, when you go to the store ready to buy. You may discover that they are sold out. But the shop assistant is quick to tell you that he has another model. A much better set which is “just right for you” It costs $395. This sales method is called “bait and switch”. Buyers are baited with a sales advertisement, and then they are switched to another more expensive one. Buying things on sale needs careful consideration of the goods and the reason for the sale.

The paragraph could be entitled _________.

A. Buying A TV Set

B. A Selling Method

C. Buyer Beware

D. TV On Sale

This sales method is called “bait and switch”.

(detail)

(detail)

(detail)

An example

( detail)

the topic sentence is in the middle of the passage.

suggestion

Passage 5

The main idea of each paragraph of passage 5:

I believe the hierarchy the school social network is quite disappointing for some children and can have a huge impact on their self-esteem.

On the other hand, I really think too much emphasis on socializing is unwise.

An issue (I see sometimes) is parents (who seem to care more about their children’s social interactions than the kids do.)

It is so painful to watch your children being hurt by others but I really believe teaching them to be able to spend time on their own and pursue interests on their own is key to a lifetime of happiness.

Passage 5

P1

P2

P3

P4

Step3:Let’s summarize(1):

Q1: How can we get the main idea of a passage according to the 5 passages?

(一):By finding the topic sentence,

(1) at the beginning of it

(2) at the end of it

(3) at both the beginning and the end of it

(4) in the middle of it

(二): If there is no topic sentence in the passage

(1) get the main idea of each paragraph.

(2) summarize the main idea in our own words, according to the structure of the passage.

(3)compare it with the choices to see which one is the best.

Please look for the topic sentences of passage 6-10 and choose the best answer.

Step4:Let’s practise(1)!

Discuss in teams,

share your ideas,

please!

A recent study of ancient and modern elephant has come up with the unexpected conclusion that the African elephant is divided into two distinct (不同的 )species

The discovery was made by researchers at York and Harvard University when they were examining the genetic relationship between the ancient woolly mammoth and mastodon modern elephants—the Asian elephant, African forest elephant, and African savanna elephant.

Once they obtain DNA sequences(序列)from two fossils(化石),mammoths and mastodons, the team compared them with DNA from modern elephants. They found their amazement that modern forest and savanna elephants are as distinct from each other as Asian elephants and mammoths.

The scientists used detailed genetic analysis to prove that the African savanna elephant and the African forest elephant have been distinct species for several million years. The divergence of the two species took place around the time of the divergence of

Passage 6【2011湖南】C

C. An Unexpected Finding ahout Elephants

Passage 7【2010湖南】A L1PITOR

BOUT LIPITOR

Lipitor is a prescription medicine.Along with diet and exercise,it lowers “bad,’

cholesterol(胆固醇)in your blood.It can also raise “good'’ cholesterol.[

Lipitor can lower the risk of heart attack in patients with several common risk factors,

including family history of early heart disease,high blood pressure,age and smoking

WHO IS LIPITOR FOR?

Who can take LIPITOR:

.People who cannot lower their cholesterol enough with diet and exercise

· Adults and children over l0

Who should NOT take LIPITOR:

.Women who are pregnant,may be pregnant,or may become pregnant.

.women who are breast-feeding.Lipitor can pass into your breast milk and may harm your baby.

· People with liver(肝脏)problems

POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS OF LIPITOR

Serious side effects in a small number of people:

.Muscle(肌肉)problems that can lead to kidney(肾脏)problems,including kidney failure

.Liver problems.Your doctor may do blood tests to check your liver before you start

Lipitor and while you are taking it.

Call your doctor right away if you have:

.Unexplained muscle pain or weakness,especially if you have a fever or feel very fired

.Swelling of the face,lips,tongue,and/or throat that may cause difficulty in breathing or

swallowing

· Stomach pain

Some common side effects of LIPITOR are:

· Muscle pain

· Upset stomach

· Changes in some blood tests

HOW TO TAKE LIPITOR

Do:

.Take Lipitor as prescribed by your doctor.Try to eat heart-healthy foods while you take Lipitor.[

.Take Lipitor at any time of day, with or without food. If you miss a dose(一剂),take it as soon as you remember.

[But if it has been more than

12 hours since your missed dose,wait.Take the next dose at your regular time.

Don’t:

.Do not change or stop your dose before talking to your doctor.

.Do not start new medicines before talking to your doctor.

60. What is the main purpose of the passage?

A. To teach patients ways for quick recovery.

B. To present a report on a scientific research.

C. To show the importance of a good lifestyle.

D. To give information about a kind of medicine

Passage 8【2010全国I】D

Science can't explain the power of pets, but many studies have shown that the company of pets can help lower blood pressure (血压) and raise chances of recovering from a heart attack, reduce loneliness and spread all-round good cheer.

Any owner will tell you how much joy a pet brings. For some, an animal provides more comfort than a husband/wife. A 2002 study by Karen Allen of the State University of New York measured stress (紧张) levels and blood pressure in people -- half of them pet owners –while they performed 5 minutes of mental arithmetic (算术) or held a hand in ice water. Subjects completed the tasks alone, with a husband/wife, a close friend or with a pet. People with pets did it best. Those tested with their animal friends had smaller change in blood pressure and returned most quickly to baseline heart rates. With pets in the room, people also made fewer math mistakes than when doing in front of other companions. It seems people feel more relaxed (放松)around pets, says Allen, who thinks it may be because pets don't judge.

A.What pets bring to their owners.

Passage 9【2008湖北】D

One morning a few years ago, Harvard President Neil Rudenstine overslept. For this busy man, it was a sort of alarm: after years of non-stop hard work, he might wear himself out and die an early death.

Only after a week’s leave—— during which he read novels, listened to music and walked with his wife on a beach—— was Rudenstine able to return to work.

In our modern life, we have lost the rhythm between action and rest. Amazingly, within this world there is a universal but silly saying: “I am so busy.”

We say this to one another as if our tireless efforts were a talent by nature and an ability to successfully deal with stress. The busier we are, the more important we seem to ourselves and, we imagine, to others. To be unavailable to our friends and family, and to be unable to find time to relax—— this has become the model of a successful life.

A. We should balance work with rest.

Passage 10【2009北京】D

When students and parents are asked to rate subjects according to their importance, the arts are unavoidably at the bottom of the list. Music is nice, people seem to say, but not important. Too often it is viewed as mere entertainment, but certainly not an education priority(优先). This view is shortsighted. In fact, music education is beneficial and important for all students.

Music tells us who we are. Because music is an expression of the beings who create it, it reflects their thinking and values, as well ad the social environment it came influence that George Gershwin and other musicians introduced into their music is obviously American because it came from American musical traditions. Music expresses our character and values. It gives us identity as a society.

Music provides a kind of perception(感知)that cannot be acquired any other way. Science can explain how the sun rises and sets. The arts explore the emotive(情感的)meaning of the same phenomenon. We need every possible way to discover and

respond to our world for one simple but powerful reason: No one way can get it all.

The arts are forms of thought as powerful in what they communicate as mathematical and scientific symbols. They are ways we human beings “talk” to each other. They are the language of civilization through which we express our fears, our curiosities, our hungers, our discoveries, our hopes. The arts are ways we give form to our ideas and imagination so that they can be shared with others. When we do not give children access to an important way of expressing themselves such as music, we take away from them the meanings that music expresses.

Science and technology do not tell us what it means to be human. The arts do. Music is an important way we express human suffering, celebration, the meaning and value of peace and love.

So music education is far more necessary than people seem to realize.

A. Music education deserves more attention.

Step 5:Let’s summarize(2):

Q2: How a good title should be according

to passage6-10?

C. An Unexpected Finding ahout Elephants

A. We should balance work with rest.

A.What pets bring to their owners.

A. Music education deserves more attention.

D. To give information about a kind of medicine

10. What is the text mainly about?

A Development of indoor farming.

B Great revolution in building

C Advantages of indoor farming

D Sunless, rainless indoor farming

Topic sentence: Farming is moving indoors, where the sun never shines, where rainfall is irrelevant and where the climate is always right.

15 Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?

A How to give mental first aid

B New course on mental first aid set up

C How health first aid course can help you

D Basic first aid for people with a mental illness

Topic sentence: A new course has been set up in mental first did to help the friends and families of mental health service users.

“accurate,complete, simple, new”

accurate—— express the writer’s opinion fully and correctly.

complete—— Include the main information.

simple—— easy to understand

new——The title should be fashionable, attractive and can arouse the readers’ interest.

Q2: How a good title should be according

to passage6-10?

Please look for the topic sentences of the 3 passages and choose the best answer.

Step6:Let’s practise(2)!

Discuss in teams,

share your ideas,

please!

simple,

Step7:Let’s review!

Q1: How can we get the main idea of a passage according to the 5 passages?

Q2: How a good title should be according

to passage6-10?

Review what we have learned today.

Finish 2011 湖南卷主旨大意题:Q60,65,70

Thanks for your attendance!

相关资源

外研版选修十一英语目录

Module 1 The Boston Tea Party

Module 2 The Long Walk to Freedom

Module 3 Ernest Hemingway

Module 4 Sherlock Holmes

Module 5 The Last Laugh

Module 6 The United Nations

Module 7 Revision

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