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高考专项之语法填空

高考语法填空命题特点

1.一般为200词左右的短文,设____空

2.考查形式分为有提示词和纯空题两种.

3.有提示最多填__个词,无提示词填__个

10个

语法填空考查内容

谓语时态语态

非谓语动词

名词或代词

形容词或副词

介词

冠词

连词

情态动词

其他

16全1

16全2

16全3

15全1

15全2

14全1

14全2

考点设置:用有提示词填空题:设6-7个小题;只能填一个词的纯空格题:设3-4小题

(一)纯空题

考点分析

纯空题 考点一:冠词 a an the

名词前

形容词最高级作定语,

序数词前

固定搭配

1.Give your body and brain a rest by stepping outside for____ while.(16全国2卷)

2. Now , years later , this river is one of ____ most outstanding example of environmental cleanup(14全国2卷).

3. Mr. Johnson lived in the woods with his wife and children. He owned ____farm, which looked almost abandoned.(15广东)

4.My mother complained the person who left his dog with us. We were told to stay away from ____ dog as we couldn’t afford to keep it.

5.Maybe she just enjoys____ process of buying online.

the

the

the

纯空题考点二:代词

1.人称代词 主格 I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they    宾格 me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them2. 物主代词 形容词性 my, your, his, her, its, our, their 名词性 mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs3 .反身代词 myself, yourself, himself, 4.不定代词some/ any, each/ every, none/ no,other/ another, all/ both, neither/ either5. It用法 形主,形宾,强调句型(It is/was+被强调that)

做主语

作宾语

形容词性物主代词+n

主宾为同一人/物

后无名词

固定搭配/句意

纯空题考点二:代词

考点分析

She remembered how difficult _________ was to choose a suitable Christmas present for her father. (08广东)

By that time , the panda no longer needed ____ (it) mother for food.(16四川)

All in all, we students should behave________(we) and keep away from violence.(16福建统考)

Some travel on business;_____ travel to interesting places that are only found in other countries.(16玉溪)

it

its

ourselves

others

纯空题 考点三:介词

1.固定搭配

2.介词本身的用法

技巧:名词或代词在句中不作主语、表语、或动词的宾语时,其前面一定是填________

介词

But my connection with panda goes back___ my days on a TV show in the mid-1980s.(16全国1卷)

Most of us are more focused ___ our tasks in the morning than we are later in the day.(16全国2卷)

The mother continued to care for the young panda____ more than two years.(16四川)

Many of them even blamed the king ____ not keeping the roads clear.

纯空题 考点三:介词

to

on

for

for

对连词的考察实际上是对并列句,名词性从句,状语从句,定语从句的考查

技巧1:若两个或几个单词或短语之间没有连词,可能是填________

技巧2:若两个句子之间没有连词,也没有分号或句号,一定是填________(连接并列的句子)或________(连接定语从句、名词性从句和状语从句)

纯空题 考点四:连词

并列连词

并列连词

从属连词

纯空题 考点四:连词

In much of Asia , especially the so-called “rice bowl” cultures of China , Japan , Korea, ____ Vietnam , food is usually eaten with chopsticks. (16全国3卷)

Some people think that the great Chinese scholar Confucius(孔子), _____ lived from roughly 551 to 479 B.C

One day , the cow was eating grass ____ it began to rain heavily.(15广东)

The new boy looked at the teacher for a few seconds and all the other students wondered ____ the boy would do.(12广东)

and

who

when

what

如果____后的谓语动词原形do或have done(虚拟)或be doing,特别是与上下文时态不一致或主谓不一致,很可能填________;

Hello kitty was designed as a character to attract pre-teenage girls. The designers _______ not have dreamed that she would become such a global star as she is today.

纯空题 考点五:情态动词/助动词

情态动词

could

纯空题 考点六:副词

根据上下文语义可选择

however,besides, therefore,otherwise,ago,before,after,anyway,thus

1.At first the rabbit represented Wang herself. Over time,_____, Tuzki(兔斯基) gradually developed his own character.

2.Hardly can you succeed in doing something perfectly the first time you do it. _______, when you do something for the first time, it is time to give up the idea of perfection.

3.A few hours _________ ,I have been at home in HK.

however

Therefore

before/earlier

(二)有提示词

有提示词 考点一:谓语

()给出动词原形: 分析句子结构,如果缺少谓语,则考虑动词的______,并注意________

注意是否是并列谓语

1.The giant panda______(love) by people through the world.(16四川)

2.Handle the most important task so you will feel a sense of achievement. Leaving the less important things until tomorrow ____ (be) often acceptable.(16全国2)

is loved

考查时态语态

is

考查时态和主谓一致

时态语态

主谓一致

有提示词 考点二:非谓语

()给出动词原形: 分析句子结构,看是否缺少谓语,不缺谓语,用非谓语

1.作主语 ,宾语___________

2.作目的状语或在形容词后作状语_______

3. 作伴随状语或后置定语,通常用分词,若与逻辑主语或修饰的词是主动关系,用_______(v-ing);若是被动关系,用_______(-ed)。

4.with + 宾语+ 宾补,主动关系____,被动关系______, _______表将来

doing/to do(将要做)

to do

doing

done

doing

done

to do

有提示词 考点二:非谓语doing/done/to do

1.Skilled workers also combine various hardwoods and metal______( creat) special designs.(16全国3)

2.A study of travelers _______ (conduct) by the website TripAdvisor names Yangshuo as one of the top10 destinations in the world.(15全国2)

3.I heard a passenger behind me shouting to the driver, but he refused _______(stop) until we reached the next stop. Still ,the boy kept _____(ride)(14全国2)

4.He suddenly appeared in class one day, _______(wear) sun glasses.(12广东)

5.Some psychologists say in a study that ______(receive) an apology is not as helpful as people think.

to creat

conducted

to stop

riding

wearing

receiving

6.A travel company in HK, says it regularly arranges quick getaways here for people _____(live) in SH and HK.(15全国1)

7.With the New Year _________(approach), preparation is necessary.

living

approaching

有提示词 考点三:词性转换

(一)给出形容词副词,考察方向有三个

1.)考察比较级.题中通常会有than , one of (the),even , much

2.)考察形容词和副词之间的转换.

技巧1:修饰动词、形容词、副词,或整个句子,作状语,用______

技巧2:修饰名词代词,用______

3.)考察形容词副词的反义词. 需根据句子意思及前后逻辑关系,在词根前加un-, im-,il-, ir-,in-, non-, dis-等,在词根后加-less,-full等。

副词

形容词

1.A travel company in HK, says it ______ (regular) arranges quick getaways here for people living in SH and HK.(15全国1)

2.If you feel stressed by responsibilities at work, you should take a step back and identify those of ____(great) and less importance.(16全国2)

3.Your mistake caused a lot of _________ (necessary) work in the office.

regularly

greater

unnecessary

有提示词 考点三:词性转换

(二)

技巧1:作主语,或在及物动词或介词后作宾语,或在限定词(冠词、形容词性物主代词、不定代词等)后,通常用________。(注意名词的复数)

技巧2:作表语、定语或补语,通常______形式。

注意(名词)名词变复数

名词success

形容词successful

动词succeed

形容词

名词

有提示词 考点三:词性转换

1.That would be a very _______(reason) thing to do in a big city, but it could destroy a small village like ours.(13广东)

2.Apologies might be an important social tool as they reaffirm(再次确认) the ________(exist) of rules.

3.Handle the most important task so you will feel a sense of _________(achieve). (16全国2)

4.Porto da Barra Beach was recently named one of the best ______(beach) in the world.

reasonable

existence

beaches

achievement

语法填空解题步骤

1.通读全文,了解大意

2.分析句子结构,确定词形词性

3.重读全文,复查修正(注意:拼写是否正确,句号。后大写)

2014年高考新课标II卷语法填空

One morning, I was waiting at the bus stop, worried about 1______ (be) late for school. There were many people waiting at the bus stop.2____ some of them looked very anxious and 3_____________(disappoint) . When the bus finally came, we all hurried on board. I got a place next 4___ the window, so I had a good view of the sidewalk. A boy on a bike 5_____ (catch ) my attention. He was riding beside the bus and waving his arms. I heard a passenger behind me shouting to the driver, but he refused 6_______(stop) until we reached the next stop. Still, the boy kept 7_______(ride). He was carrying something over his shoulder and shouting. Finally, when we came to the next stop, the boy ran up the door of the bus. I heard an excited conversation. Then the driver stood up and asked,“8___anyone lose a suitcase at the last stop?” A woman on the bus shouted, “Oh, dear! It ‘s 9________(I )”. She pushed her way to the driver and took the suitcase thankfully. Five others on the bus began talking about what the boy had done and the crowd of strangers 10_______ (sudden) became friendly to one another.

being

And

disappointed

to

caught

to stop

riding

Did

memine

suddenly

Homework

高考语法填空专项训练P4

导学案上习题做完

See you

相关资源

外研版选修十一英语目录

Module 1 The Boston Tea Party

Module 2 The Long Walk to Freedom

Module 3 Ernest Hemingway

Module 4 Sherlock Holmes

Module 5 The Last Laugh

Module 6 The United Nations

Module 7 Revision

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