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内容介绍

Revision of

Attributive

Clause

Appreciation of some proverbs

1. God helps those who help themselves.

2. He who laughs last laughs best.

3. One who is content is always happy.

4. He who doesn’t reach the Great Wall is not a true man.

He who doesn’t reach the Great

Wall is not a true man.

_________

______________

Antecedent

Relative word

Basic knowledge

Relative

Words

Relative pronouns

Relative adverbs

Basic knowledge

who, whom, whose,

which, that, as

when, where, why

Attributive clauses

Relative pronouns

who

whom

which

that

as

whose

人 主语,宾语

人 宾语

物 主语,宾语

人/物 主宾表

人/物 主宾

人/物 定语

Attributive clauses

Relative adverbs

when

where

why

时间 状语

地点 状语

原因 状语

1.I’ll never forget the days__________ we

worked together.

2.I’ll never forget the days ___________

we spent together.

3.I went to the place ___________ I visited ten years ago.

4.I went to the place __________I worked ten years ago.

5.This is the reason ___________ he was late.

6.This is the reason ___________ he gave.

when/in which

where/in which

why/for which

(which/that)

(which/that)

(that/which)

Difficulty 1: Relative pronoun or Relative adverbs?

【点津】

选择关系代词或关系副词的原则: 在选择关系词时, 最重要的是分析定语从句中所缺的成分。

若从句中缺主语、宾语、定语或表语, 那么必须用关系代词;

若从句中不缺主语、宾语、定语或表语, 那么必须用关系副词。

Difficulty 1: Relative pronoun or Relative adverbs?

1. This is the best film ______ I’ve seen.

2. She won the Nobel Prize , ______made her excited.

3. I still remember the schools and boys ______ I met there.

4.The villagers here depend on the fishing industry, without________ there won’t be much work.

5. All ______ is said is true.

(that)

(that)

Difficulty 2: that or which ?

that

which

which

(1) 先行词为all, everything, nothing, something,

anything, little, much 等不定代词时。

(2)先行词被all, every, no, some, any, little,

much等修饰时。

(3)先行词被序数词或最高级修饰时。

(4)先行词被the only, the very, the last修饰时。

(5)先行词既有人又有物时。

(6) 先行词是who或which引导的主句。

1、只能用that不用which的情况

Difficulty 2 : that or which ?

(1) 关系代词在限制性定语从句中紧跟介词作宾语(介词提前)。

2、只用which不用that的情况

(2) 在非限制性定语从句中。

She won the Nobel Prize , which made

all Chinese people excited.

2. The villagers here depend on the fishing

industry, without which there won’t

be much work.

1.?Some?pre-school?children?go?to

? a?day care?center,?______?they?

learn?simple?games?and?songs.?

? A.?which ?B.?where

? C.?that D.?when

2.?Those?successful?deaf?dancers?think?that?dancing?is?an?activity?______?sight?matters?more?than?hearing.?

A.?when ?B.?whose

? C.?where D.?which?

3.?Today,?we’ll?discuss?a?number?of?

cases?______?beginners?of?English?

fail?to?use?the?language?properly.?

A.? where B.?as?

?C.?why? D.?which?

1.Some?pre-school?children?go?to

? a?day care?center,?where they?

learn?simple?games?and?songs.

2.?Those?successful?deaf?dancers?think?that?dancing?is?an?activity where?sight?

matters?more?than?hearing.?

3.?We?will?discuss?a?number?of?cases where beginners?of?English?fail?to?use?

the?language?properly.

Difficulty 3 : where an actual place

1.Some?pre-school?children?go?to

? a?day care?center,?where they?

learn?simple?games?and?songs.

2.?Those?successful?deaf?dancers?think?that?dancing?is?an?activity where?sight?

matters?more?than?hearing.?

3.?We?will?discuss?a?number?of?cases where beginners?of?English?fail?to?use?

the?language?properly.

where引导的定语从句特殊用法

当先行词为point, situation, condition, case, position, stage, scene, spot, activity, family, job, atmosphere等虚拟的地点,在定语从句中做状语时, 用where引导定语从句。

He?was?driving?so?fast?as?to?get?himself?into

a?dangerous?situation?where he?is?likely?to?

lose the?control?over?his?car.

Correct the mistake:

1.The topic that Eric is interested isPhysics.

The topic (that/which) Eric is interested

in is Physics.

The topic in which that Eric is interested is Physics.

2.Gun control is a subject_____________

Americans have argued for a long time.

3.She was educated at BeijingUniversity, ________she went to have her further education abroad.

Difficulty 4: prep +which/whom

about which

after which

【点津】选择介词的3个原则:

①根据句子意思表达的需要;

②根据从句中动词或形容词与介词的搭配习惯;

③根据先行词和介词的搭配习惯。

Difficulty 4: prep +which/whom

1. I don’t like the way ____________ you treat your father.

2. The way ____________ he showed to us proved to be practical.

Difficulty 5:先行词是the way的定语从句

(in which/that)

(which/that)

I have a sister who / that works in a hospital.

我有一位在医院工作的姐姐。

2. I have a sister, who works in a hospital.

我有一位姐姐,她在医院工作。

不只一位姐姐

只有一位姐姐

Types:

Restrictive

Non-restrictive

Comma

1. It rained hard yesterday, _____ prevented me from going to the park.

2. _____ we can see, the smoke came from the little dustbin.

3. _____ is expected, the England team won the football match.

4. The weather turned out to be very good, _____ was more than we could expect.

which

As

As

which

1. as引导非限制性定语从句,可以放在主句之前, 之中或之后。which 一般放在主句句中或句末, 不能放句首。

Difficulty 6:

as和which引导的非限制性定语从句

2. as 有“正如”、“就象”之意,用于一些固定搭配中,如: as you know/ as is often the case /as we planned/as we expected…而 which 则有“这一点”的意思 。

Multiple choice

1.I shall never forget those years ___I lived in the country with the farmers, __ has a great effect on my life.

A. that; which B. when ;which

C. which; that D. when;who

2.Wilma became the first America woman to win three Olympic gold medals in track,___made her mother very proud.

A.it B.that C.which D.this

B

C

3. Can you tell me the name of the factory __you visited last week?

A. what B. in that C./ D. when

4. I don’t like the way ___you speak to her .

A./ B. which

C. in that D. of which

5.The most important thing __we should pay attention to is the very thing ___I have said.

A. which; that B. that; which

C. which; which D. that; that

C

A

D

6.She spent the whole evening talking about

the things and persons ___none of us has

ever heard of.

A. which B.who C.whom D.that

7.He never reads anything___is not worth

reading.

A.which B. that C.who D. as

B

D

8.I have bought such a watch ___ was advertised on TV.

A. that B. which C. as D. it

9. ___was expected , he failed in the exam.

A. That B. As C. Which D. It

10. I can never forget the day ___ we worked together and the day ___ we spent together .

A. when; which B. which; when

C. what; that D. on which; when

Blank-filling

Ning Zetao, __1__ height is

1.91 meters, is the best swimmer

__2__ I have ever seen. He is

from He Nan __3__ he grew up

and he has become a super

sports star __4___ fans are

everywhere in the world.

August 10 is the day __5__ I first

watched his match in men’s 100-meter free style

swimming. He swims very well, __6__ is one of

the reasons __7___ I like him. Do you want to

know other reasons? Guess!

whose

that

where

whose

when

which

why

Correction

Correct mistakes

1.Under the big tree are 34 students,

many of them come from class two.

2. My mother has a good book,

which cover looks terrible.

3. This is the very pen that you gave it

to me before.

4. There is an old woman, that is holding

a stick.

———

whom

———

whose

it

——

who

Dear Tom,

I have received the letter in which you posted last week. Thanks for the photos which you sent it. I often think of the time when we spent together. Do you still remember the lake which we had a picture taken? How are the children whom played with us? I had a dream where we were staying in the cinema where we went to last time. Besides, I have bought the very book which you need . On the weekend when I am free, I will post it to you.

Best wishes,

Li Ming

that

where

who

which

that

【点津】用定语从句写作时易犯错误:

1.在作先行词的时间名词或地点名词后错用了关系代词或关系副词

2.定语从句中加了多余的关系副词或介词

3.误省略了定语从句中作主语的关系代词

4.把定语从句谓语动词的单、复数弄错

Rewriting

Tu Youyou was born in 1930. She is now 85.

In 1955, she graduated from Peking

University. After graduation, she has

been researching Chinese Medicine.

In 2011, she discovered artemisinin

(青蒿素). It is a drug therapy for malaria.

The drug therapy has saved millions of

lives across the globe, especially in the

developing world. Because of this, she won the Nobel Prize for Medicine on October 5th.

Rewriting

Join the following sentences:

A plane is a machine. The machine can fly.

如何写好定语从句

Join the following sentences:

A plane is a machine. The machine can fly.

A plane is can fly.

如何写好定语从句

a machine

the machine

Join the following sentences:

A plane is a machine. The machine can fly.

A plane is can fly.

如何写好定语从句

a machine

that /which

Join the following sentences:

A plane is a machine. The machine can fly.

A plane is can fly.

如何写好定语从句

a machine

that /which

如何写好定语从句

Join the following sentences:

The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.

如何写好定语从句

Join the following sentences:

The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.

we saw yesterday is Mary.

her

The girl

如何写好定语从句

Join the following sentences:

The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.

we saw yesterday is Mary.

her

The girl

如何写好定语从句

Join the following sentences:

The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.

we saw yesterday is Mary.

her

The girl

如何写好定语从句

Join the following sentences:

The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.

we saw yesterday is Mary.

her

The girl

如何写好定语从句

Join the following sentences:

The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.

we saw yesterday is Mary.

her

The girl

如何写好定语从句

Join the following sentences:

The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.

we saw yesterday is Mary.

her

The girl

如何写好定语从句

Join the following sentences:

The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.

we saw yesterday is Mary.

her

The girl

如何写好定语从句

Join the following sentences:

The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.

we saw yesterday is Mary.

that/who/whom

The girl

Tu Youyou was born in 1930. She is now 85.

In 1955, she graduated from Peking

University. After graduation, she has

been researching Chinese Medicine.

In 2011, she discovered artemisinin

(青蒿素). It is a drug therapy for malaria.

The drug therapy has saved millions of

lives across the globe, especially in the

developing world. Because of this, she won the Nobel Prize for Medicine on October 5th.

_______________

______

_

_______

______

Tu Youyou , who was born in 1930 is now 85. In 1955, she graduated from Peking University, after which, she has

been researching Chinese Medicine.

In 2011, she discovered artemisinin(青蒿素), which is a drug therapy for malaria that has saved millions of

lives across the globe, especially in the

developing world, because of which, she

won the Nobel Prize for Medicine on October 5th.

Writing

我们班是一个大家庭,包括___ 男生和___ 女生。___老师,我们的班主任,经常给我们提供帮助。他1991年来我们学校工作,在我们学校教书已经快30年了。他万象城国际网址经验丰富,有为我们创造一个允许我们互相自由交流的气氛(atmosphere)的能力。我们都爱他。

Our class is a big family , which consists of ____ boys and ____ girls. Mr Zhao, who is our class teacher, often gives us a lot of help. In 1991, he came to our school where he has been teaching for almost 30 years.

He is experienced in teaching and?has?a?gift?for?creating?an?atmosphere?for?us where we can communicate freely with each other.

We all like him.

Homework:

1. Finish the writing.

2.Revise difficult points in Attributive

Clause.

相关资源

外研版选修十一英语目录

Module 1 The Boston Tea Party

Module 2 The Long Walk to Freedom

Module 3 Ernest Hemingway

Module 4 Sherlock Holmes

Module 5 The Last Laugh

Module 6 The United Nations

Module 7 Revision

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