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内容介绍

2017高考大纲中关于阅读理解的要求

要求考生读懂书、报、杂志中关于一般性话题的

简短文段以及公告、说明、等,并能从中获

取相关信息。

考生应能:

 1、理解主旨要义;

 2、理解文中具体信息;

 3、根据上下文推断单词和短语的含义;

 4、作出判断和推理;

 5、理解文章的基本结构;

 6、理解作者的意图、观点和态度。

2014-2016年全国高考英语I卷阅读理解选篇比较

年份

体裁、题材

卷类

2014年

2015年

2016年

全国I卷

A篇 应用文(活动通知)

B篇 记叙文(动物环保)

C篇 议论文(社会话题)

D篇 记叙文(社会文化)

A篇 应用文(介绍)

B篇 记叙文(社会生活)

C篇 说明文(艺术展览)

D篇 议论文(社会话题)

A篇 说明文(人物简介)

B篇 议论文(社会话题)

C篇 记叙文(工作经历)

D篇 说明文(文化介绍)

解读:体裁多样,题材广泛。

年份

题型

卷类

2014年

2015年

2016年

全国I卷

细节理解题6

主旨大意题1

推理判断题6

词义猜测题2

细节理解题9

主旨大意题1

推理判断题4

词义猜测题1

细节理解题8

主旨大意题1

推理判断题5

词义猜测题1

高考英语全国卷I阅读理解考点分布

解读:准确理解细节不但有助于提高细节题的得分率,而且也是推理判断的前提,因此,细节决定成败!

If you come across Detail-Question when reading,

What will you do ?

Reading:Specific Details

真题再练

1.直接信息题

(2015新课标卷Ⅰ·21) November 7th

The Canal Pioneers, by Chris Lewis. James Brindley is recognized as one of the leading early canal engineers. He was also a major player in training others in the art of canal planning and building. Chris Lewis will explain how Brindley made such a positive contribution to the education of that group of early “civil engineers”.

△When is the talk on James Brindley?

A. February 6th. B. March 6th.

C. November 7th. D. December 5th.

Reading:Specific Details

真题再练

1.直接信息题

(2015新课标卷Ⅰ·21) November 7th

The Canal Pioneers, by Chris Lewis. James Brindley is recognized as one of the leading early canal engineers. He was also a major player in training others in the art of canal planning and building. Chris Lewis will explain how Brindley made such a positive contribution to the education of that group of early “civil engineers”.

△When is the talk on James Brindley?

A. February 6th. B. March 6th.

C. November 7th. D. December 5th.

C 直接信息题。本题问:关于James Brindley的讲座什么时候开始?第一步,读题:抓住关键词when和James Brindley;第二步,用关键词定位相关信息:用James Brindley可将答案信息点定位在含James Brindley is recognized as…的段落;第三步,辨认信息:对应标题已有明确的时间:November 7th,故选C项。

非常容易! 细心+速度!

2.数字计算题

(2010新课标卷Ⅱ·55) Ariau Amazon Towers

The Ariau Amazon Towers hotel …

Prices, starting at $300 one night for each person for a regular room and going all the way up to $3000 for the Tarzan Suite.…

The Ice Hotel

Every winter in Jukkasjarvi, …

Prices: starting at $318 one night for each person for either a cold room or a warm one.…

Propeller Island

Propeller Island City Lodge is …

Prices: starting at just $91 a night, and an additional person for only 20 extra dollars.…

△ For two persons spending a night in one of these hotels, they have to pay at least ____.

A. $111 B. $182 C. $600 D. $636

2.数字计算题

(2010新课标卷Ⅱ·55) Ariau Amazon Towers

The Ariau Amazon Towers hotel …

Prices, starting at $300 one night for each person for a regular room and going all the way up to $3000 for the Tarzan Suite.…

The Ice Hotel

Every winter in Jukkasjarvi, …

Prices: starting at $318 one night for each person for either a cold room or a warm one.…

Propeller Island

Propeller Island City Lodge is …

Prices: starting at just $91 a night, and an additional person for only 20 extra dollars.…

△ For two persons spending a night in one of these hotels, they have to pay at least ____.

A. $111 B. $182 C. $600 D. $636

A 数字计算题。本题问:在这些酒店里,两人住一晚最少要花多少钱?第一步,读题:抓住关键词two persons, a night和at least;第二步,信息定位:浏览三个酒店的Prices,最低的是starting at just $91,全句是“starting at just $91 a night, and an additional person for only 20 extra dollars”;第三步,简单运算:91+20=111;故选A项。

不太难!看懂文章后只需要简单运算!

3.语意转换题

(2015新课标卷I·25) Swimming pools, wine tasting, and pink sunsets (at normal evening hours, not 4 in the afternoon) filled the weekend, but the best part— particularly to my taste, dulled by months of cold— weather root vegetables— was at 7 a.m. adventure to the Sarasota farmers’ market that proved to be more than worth the early wake-up call.

△ What made the author’s getting up early worthwhile?

A. Having a swim.

B. Breathing in fresh air.

C. Walking in the morning sun.

D. Visiting a local farmer’s market.

3.语意转换题

(2015新课标卷I·25) Swimming pools, wine tasting, and pink sunsets (at normal evening hours, not 4 in the afternoon) filled the weekend, but the best part— particularly to my taste, dulled by months of cold- weather root vegetables— was at 7 a.m. adventure to the Sarasota farmers’ market that proved to be more than worth the early wake-up call.

△ What made the author’s getting up early worthwhile?

A. Having a swim.

B. Breathing in fresh air.

C. Walking in the morning sun.

D. Visiting a local farmer’s market.

D 语意转换题。

第一步,读题:抓住关键词what, getting up early, worthwhile;第二步,用early或worth定位相关信息:but…to the Sarasota farmers’ market that proved to be more than worth the early wake-up call(去萨拉索塔农贸市场结果证明非常值得早起);第三步,对照各选项,可知选D:早起去当地农贸市场很值得。

文中“be more than worth the early wake-up call”与题干中的“made getting up early worthwhile”,以及文中的“at 7 a.m. adventure to the Sarasota farmers’ market”与选项D中的“Visiting a local farmer’s market”是语意转换。

△ What made the author’s getting up early worthwhile?

A. Having a swim.

B. Breathing in fresh air.

C. Walking in the morning sun.

D. Visiting a local farmer’s market.

D 语意转换题。

有点难! 细心+耐心+时间!

语意转换可以是同义词近义词或反义词,

也可能是更难的句型结构的巨大变化

Tralla was clearing her house when she came

acrossa magazine article about ThredUP, a

children’s clothes website. She signed up and

has been exchanging used clothes ever since.

27. What must people do if they want to exchange clothes

through ThredUP?

Pay some money to the website.

Visit the website every week.

Become a member of the website.

Prepare some very nice clothes.

语意转换题

(2015福建29) Food festivals around the world

Stilton Cheese Rolling

May Day is a traditional day for celebrations, but the 2,000 English villagers of Stilton must be the only people in the world who include checsc rolling in their annual plans. Teams of four,dressed in a

variety of strange and funny clothes , roll a complete cheese along a 50-metre course. On the way, they must not kick or throw their cheese, or go into their competitors' lane. Competition is fierce and the chief prize is a complete Stilton cheese weighing about four

kilos (disappointingly, but understandably the cheeses used in the race are wooden ones). All the competitors arc served with beer or

port wine, the traditional accompaniment for Stilton cheese.

4.正误判断题

Fiery Foods Festival—The Hottest Festival on Earth

Every year more than 10,000 people head for the city of Albuquerque,

New Mexico. They come from as far away as Australia, the Caribbean

and China, but they all share a common addiction—food that is not just

spicy ,but hot enough to make your mouth burn, your head spin and your

eyes water. Their destination is the Fiery Food and BBQ Festival which

is held over a period of three clays every March. You might like to try a

chocolate-covered habanero pepper—officially the hottest pepper in the

world—or any one of thethousands of products that are on show. But

one thing's for sure—if you don't likethe feeling of a burning tongue, this

festival isn't for you!

La Tomatina—The World‘s Biggest Food Figh

On the last Wednesday of every August,

the Spanish town of Bunol hosts Ea Tomatina—

the world's largest food fight. A week-long

celebration leads up to an exciting tomato

battle as the highlight of the week's events.

The early morning sees the arrival of large

trucks with tomatoes—official fight-starters

get things going by casting tomatoes at the

  crowd.

(2015福建29) Food festivals around the world

Stilton Cheese Rolling

May Day is a traditional day for celebrations, but the 2,000 English villagers of Stilton must be the only people in the world who include checsc rolling in their annual plans. Teams of four,dressed in a

variety of strange and funny clothes , roll a complete cheese along a 50-metre course. On the way, they must not kick or throw their cheese, or go into their competitors' lane. Competition is fierce and the chief prize is a complete Stilton cheese weighing about four

kilos (disappointingly, but understandably the cheeses used in the race are wooden ones). All the competitors arc served with beer or

port wine, the traditional accompaniment for Stilton cheese.

4.正误判断题

Fiery Foods Festival—The Hottest Festival on Earth

Every year more than 10,000 people head for the city of Albuquerque,

New Mexico. They come from as far away as Australia, the Caribbean

and China, but they all share a common addiction—food that is not just

spicy ,but hot enough to make your mouth burn, your head spin and your

eyes water. Their destination is the Fiery Food and BBQ Festival which

is held over a period of three clays every March. You might like to try a

chocolate-covered habanero pepper—officially the hottest pepper in the

world—or any one of thethousands of products that are on show. But

one thing's for sure—if you don't likethe feeling of a burning tongue, this

festival isn't for you!

La Tomatina—The World‘s Biggest Food Figh

On the last Wednesday of every August,

the Spanish town of Bunol hosts Ea Tomatina—

the world's largest food fight. A week-long

celebration leads up to an exciting tomato

battle as the highlight of the week's events.

The early morning sees the arrival of large

trucks with tomatoes—official fight-starters

get things going by casting tomatoes at the

  crowd.

属于难题! 细心+耐心+火眼金睛!

需要仔细辨认文章和选项中的细微区别,

稍不留神就会掉入陷阱!

C 正误判断题。

干扰选项的特点:

1、原文内容扩大或缩小。该选项看似正确,实际 上却是错误选项。

2、未然当已然。改变文中某句话的时态,如把将来时变成现在时,把未发生的事情当成已发生的事情。

3、无中生有。即选项内容是根据主观想象或推测得出的结论,而文中并未涉及。

4、偷换概念。把原来做该事的“张三”换成“李四”,所述细节确实与原文一致,一不小心就会误选。

5、文不对题。这类题最不容易辨别,选项中的描述与原文完全一致,确属原文中的一个细节,这时要回到题干,看该选项是否能回答题干所提的问题。

干扰项的特点:

细节理解题答案的特点:

1、对原文句子中的关键词进行替换, 换成意义相近的词,使题目信息与原文相关信息在表达上产生差异。

2、词性或者语态的变化。把原文中的一些词变换一下词性,或者改变原文句子的语态,给考生制造障碍。

 3、语言简化。把原文中的复杂语言现象进行简化,成为正确答案。

 4、正话反说。把原文中的意思反过来表达而成为正确选项

总结

无论哪类事实细节题,我们在弄清题目

所问之后,第一步在题干中选定关键词;第二步用选定的关键词(一般用1个或两个)去文中寻找依据;第三步,仔细阅读找到的信息句及其上下句,对照选项,选出正确答案。

可概括为“一定二找三比较”。

“一定二找三比较”

Please practise more after class and try to use the strategies correctly and freely.

Hope everyone of you can

get a higher mark in reading!

3. 细节推断题

(2014年全国卷I·26)Sadly, the abundance of passenger pigeons may have been their undoing. Where the birds were most abundant, people believed there was an ever-lasting supply and killed them by the thousands. Commercial hunters attracted them to small clearings with grain, waited until pigeons had settled to feed, then threw large nets over them, taking hundreds at a time. The birds were shipped to large cities and sold in restaurants.

△What was the main reason for people to kill passenger pigeons?

A. To seek pleasure.

B. To save other birds.

C. To make money.

D. To protect crops.

3. 细节推断题

(2014年全国卷I·26)Sadly, the abundance of passenger pigeons may have been their undoing. Where the birds were most abundant, people believed there was an ever-lasting supply and killed them by the thousands. Commercial hunters attracted them to small clearings with grain, waited until pigeons had settled to feed, then threw large nets over them, taking hundreds at a time. The birds were shipped to large cities and sold in restaurants.

△What was the main reason for people to kill passenger pigeons?

A. To seek pleasure.

B. To save other birds.

C. To make money.

D. To protect crops.

C 细节推断题。

第一步,读题:抓住关键词reason和to kill passenger pigeons;第二步,用kill定位相关信息:找到killed them by the thousands,顺着读找到该段最后一句“The birds were shipped to large cities and sold in restaurants.”(用船运到大城市卖给饭店);第三步,细节推断:捕杀旅鸽卖给饭店,为什么?赚钱!故选C项。

△What was the main reason for people to kill passenger pigeons?

A. To seek pleasure.

B. To save other birds.

C. To make money.

D. To protect crops.

C 细节推断题。

比较难! 细心+耐心+常识!

5.图表信息题

(2010新课标卷I·56)

△ How much is the admission for a family of two grown-ups and two children?

A. £9.80. B. £12.00.

C. £14.20. D. £16.40.

B 要求看图找信息。本题问:一个两大人和两小孩的家庭的门票多少钱?第一步,读题:抓住关键词“a family of two grown-ups and two children”; 第二步,阅读图表:Adult £4.90, Child £2.20, Family £12.00 (2 adults +up to 3 children);第三步,分析图表信息:家庭票的价格包括两个大人再加至多三个小孩,本题是两大人和两小孩,适合该套票。故选B项。

相关资源

外研版选修十一英语目录

Module 1 The Boston Tea Party

Module 2 The Long Walk to Freedom

Module 3 Ernest Hemingway

Module 4 Sherlock Holmes

Module 5 The Last Laugh

Module 6 The United Nations

Module 7 Revision

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